Flora Resources of Mikumi National Park (MINAPA): An Insight for Enhancing Strategic Management and Conservation of Protected Areas (PAs) in Tanzania

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute, P.O.Box 661, Arusha, Tanzania

2 Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA), P.O. Box 3073 Morogoro

3 Moshi Co-operative University, P.O. Box 474, Moshi, Tanzania

4 University of Dar Es Salaam, College of Natural Science, Department of Botany, P.O. Box 35091, Dar Es Salaam

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Flora Resources of Mikumi National Park (MINAPA): An Insight for Enhancing Strategic Management and Conservation of Protected Areas (PAs) in Tanzania

نویسندگان [English]

  • John Bukombe 1
  • Pius Kavana 1
  • Wilfred Marealle 1
  • Ally Nkwabi 1
  • Cecilia Leweri 1
  • Rahabu Makongoro 1
  • Jerome Kimaro 1
  • Machoke Mwita 1
  • Hamza Kija 1
  • Raymond Okick 1
  • Edward Kohi 1
  • Julius Keyyu 1
  • Eblate Mjingo 1
  • Lazaro Mangewa 2
  • Joely Efraim 3
  • Frank Mbago 4
1 Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute, P.O.Box 661, Arusha, Tanzania
2 Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA), P.O. Box 3073 Morogoro
3 Moshi Co-operative University, P.O. Box 474, Moshi, Tanzania
4 University of Dar Es Salaam, College of Natural Science, Department of Botany, P.O. Box 35091, Dar Es Salaam
چکیده [English]

The flora within Protected Areas (PAs) plays a crucial role in providing essential resources for wildlife, including forage, shelter, breeding sites, and water. However, the current understanding of the floristic composition of Mikumi National Park (MINAPA) is limited, hindering the implementation of effective conservation and management strategies. This study aimed to update the plant species records for MINAPA based on the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG) IV classification by analyzing the data from unpublished surveys conducted between the 1960s and 1990s, as well as a more recent survey in 2021. A total of 951 species records were compiled, representing 504 genera and 124 families. Among these, 35 species were listed in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) red list with 15 (1.6%) classified as Vulnerable (VU), 7 (0.7%) as Near Threatened (NT), 10 (1.0%) as Endangered (EN), and 3 (0.3%) as Critically Endangered (CR). Additionally, 16 species were found to be endemic to Tanzania. The data from the 1960s-1990s surveys revealed 778 species distributed across 421 genera and 106 families with 12 (1.5%) listed in the IUCN red list. Notably, 173 species (18.2%) were newly recorded in 2021 and distributed across 148 genera and 58 families. Among these newly recorded species, 21 (2.2%) were listed in the IUCN red list and 13 were found to be endemic to Tanzania. This study significantly enhanced our understanding of the flora of MINAPA and emphasized the importance of conducting regular surveys to update the status of floral resources in PAs, particularly where reports are based on outdated taxonomic nomenclature. These findings will contribute to the advancement of scientific research and management techniques, particularly in the context of ongoing changes in climatic conditions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red-Listed Plants
  • Plant Composition
  • Botanical Surveys
  • Plant Species Records

Introduction

Biological assessments, such as the analysis of floral composition, species diversity, and vegetation structure, are essential for gaining a comprehensive understanding of ecological characteristics and ecosystem functions, making them crucial for effective ecosystem management (Ali et al., 2017; Gurr et al., 2017; Kremen, 2005). Studies on floral composition are particularly vital as they provide insights into ecological characteristics and the potential for ecosystem functioning (Fiedler et al., 2008). The flora within ecosystems serves as a vital resource for wildlife, providing essential elements, such as forage, shelter, breeding sites, and water. Conducting vegetation surveys aids in identifying plant diversity (Koyama et al., 2021), which forms the foundation for managing biodiversity elements and monitoring changes over time (Castri, 1990; Spellerberg, 2005). This research was integral to fulfilling wildlife research obligations in Tanzania (Dowie, 2011; United Republic of Tanzania, 2001) and aligned with the objectives of the conservation of biological diversity at large (Lausche, 2011). It also contributed to meeting the requirements of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) (2012) (Day et al., 2012), which emphasized the need for facilitating comprehensive inventories of all taxa in areas of high conservation priority, including specific ecosystems. Mikumi National Park (MINAPA) is one of the most significant Protected Areas (PAs) in Southern Tanzania and is currently among the four priority areas targeted by the Government of Tanzania for increased tourism and improved community livelihoods (Ndossy, 2020; Vedeld et al., 2012). Therefore, gaining a clear understanding of the vegetation resources in MINAPA will not only enhance resource management techniques, but also contribute to local and international knowledge regarding species-specific conservation status, thus potentially attracting investment in scientific research.

This study presented a comprehensive and updated overview of the flora in MINAPA, utilizing the currently accepted names of families, genera, and species for the recorded plants. It also assessed the contribution of the current surveys to the existing plant records for MINAPA based on the classification of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (AGP) IV for the orders and families of flowering plants. The study focused on the currently accepted family classification and taxonomic nomenclature, effectively building upon previous research, including the works of Richard Wingfield in 1975 and those of John Lovett and Guy Norton (JL-GN), among others, pertaining to the plant species reported to exist within MINAPA. It consolidated the floristic composition from previous surveys and integrated it with the most recent surveys conducted in 2021 with specific objectives to: 1) gather available published and unpublished survey data in MINAPA; 2) ascertain the current vegetation composition of MINAPA; and 3) produce the most up-to-date floristic checklist of MINAPA.

 

Historical Context and Research Background

MINAPA boasts diverse morphological features and distinct climate regimes, giving rise to unique habitat types and harboring both endangered and endemic plant species. The central and northern regions are characterized by savanna landscapes interspersed with Acacia (sensu lato), Adansonia digitata L. (baobab), Tamarindus indica (L), and various palm tree species, while the southern part is defined by Miombo vegetation. Additionally, the Malunde Mountains (07° 24' S, 37° 18' E) encompass a 450-hectare patch of Afromontane rainforest in the southeast, forming part of the Eastern Arc Mountains. This area is distinguished by its Afromontane rainforest, featuring canopy tree species ranging from 20 to 40 m in height with previous studies indicating a rich biodiversity and the presence of numerous threatened species (Lovett & Norton, 1989). Habitat types within MINAPA encompass woodland, open woodland, wooded grassland, floodplain, riverine, and Afromontane forests. The park supports a wide array of fauna and flora, underscoring its significant conservation value.

Vegetation surveys in MINAPA have been conducted in fragmented and often unpublished manners, resulting in disorganized and incomplete information on plant species. Consequently, there is a noticeable gap in available information, including a lack of comprehensive literature reviews and field surveys covering the entire area. The earliest plant species records for MINAPA date back to the 1960s and 1970s. Notable contributors during this period include J. Procter, S. A. Renvoizem, P. Ole. Sayalel, Herbert Lyaruu, Richard Wingfield, Guy Norton, L. B. Mwasumbi, and the Animal Behavior Research Unit (ABRU) team led by John Lovett and Guy Norton (JL-GN), among others. However, most of the early collections have been concentrated in the central, central-eastern, and along the Iringa Road areas of MINAPA, including Vuma Hills forests, Kikwaraza, Msindazi, Kikobora, Mkuluwili, Chamgore, and Mkata floodplain (ranging in altitude from 300 to 800 m). Specimens have been deposited at the herbarium of the University of Dar es Salaam with several also being kept at MINAPA. Hard copies of previously recorded species records have been obtained from the ecology office of MINAPA. The classification methods used in these previous lists are outdated and do not adhere to the modern classification of the APG for the orders and families of flowering plants (APG, 2016). The most recent vegetation assessment has been conducted by the Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute (TAWIRI) in 2021 under the Resilient Natural Resources Management for Tourism and Growth (REGROW) project. Therefore, there is a pressing need for a comprehensive review to organize data on flora resources, including an analysis of the available floristic records to gain a detailed understanding of the flora. This review of plant species represents the first attempt in MINAPA to consolidate information from various vegetation studies into one comprehensive work, providing an updated checklist and conducting a quantitative analysis of the flora in MINAPA, a historically and ecologically significant wildlife conservation area in southern Tanzania.

 

Methodology

Study Area

MINAPA is the ninth-largest national park in Tanzania situated in the central-eastern part of the country and covering an area of 3,230 km². It spans from 37° 00' to 37° 30' E and from 7° 00' to 7° 45' S (refer to Figure 1), extending westward towards Nyerere National Park. The park is home to a diverse array of fauna and flora, underscoring its significant conservation importance. The altitude within the park ranges from 430 m above sea level (asl) in the south to 1270 m asl at the peak of Malundwe Mountain, which is the only part of the Eastern Arc Mountains in Tanzania free from uncontrolled human disturbance. The mean annual rainfall is approximately 860 mm and the average annual temperature is 25°C. MINAPA is characterized by 3 major catchment river systems: the Ruaha, Ruvu, and Wami catchments (see Figure 1). The Ruaha River catchment flows southward from the southwestern portion of the park to the Ruaha River system, the Ruvu River catchment flows southeast from Malundwe Mountains to the Ruvu River system, and the Wami River catchment flows northward along with the Mkata River system in about a third of the northern portion of the park into the Wami River system.

 

FIGURE 1

 

Data Collection

Plant species data for the MINAPA checklist were gathered from 3 primary sources. Firstly, collection records from previous surveys conducted between the 1960s and 1990s were utilized. This involved conducting a literature search and verifying specimens in the herbarium. All plant species names were digitized in an Excel spreadsheet and the species information was extracted from the existing voucher specimens both at the herbarium in MINAPA and the University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Secondly, the collection records from recent floristic surveys carried out in 2021 were utilized. Various vegetation patches were visited and surveyed during two (dry and wet) seasons to cover areas with few or no previous collections. The surveys involved plot sampling, random walks for recording plant species, and documentation of specimen details in a notebook. Information, such as life form, habitat, and collector details, were recorded in the field where possible. The 2021 records were conducted by the TAWIRI during the implementation of the REGROW project under the supervision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism (MNRT) in Tanzania. Sampling sites were selected based on vegetation homogeneity/heterogeneity and nested sampling plots were established along transects. The sampling plots were measured 20×20 m (400 m²) for trees, 5×5 m (25 m²) for shrubs, and 1×1 m (1 m²) for herbs and grasses (Anitha et al., 2009). All plant species within each plot, including habitat types, were identified with the assistance of experienced botanists. The unique species found outside the plots were also recorded. The species that were not well identified in the field were collected and later verified using voucher specimens at the herbarium of the University of Dar es Salaam and the National Herbarium of Tanzania (NHT).

 

Data Analysis

A comprehensive review of plant species records from all surveys, including those from the 1960s-1990s and the recent 2021 surveys, was conducted. Taxonomic contributions, encompassing families, genera, and species, were compiled and the nomenclatures were updated in accordance with the APG classification for the orders and families of flowering plants (APG, 2016). Family and species circumscription, spelling, authorities, and synonyms of scientific names were revised based on online databases, such as the African Plant Database (www.villege.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa) and the Catalogue of Life (Hobern et al., 2021). Furthermore, the conservation status of species was determined based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) red list of Threatened Species (TS) (IUCN, 2019).

In the updated checklist we developed, the currently accepted name for each species was first provided followed by any synonyms (usually the old names). Additionally, the species list was categorized into major groups, namely Pteridophytes, Dicotyledons, and Monocotyledons. Plant families were arranged alphabetically within each major plant group followed by genera and species (also alphabetically) within each family.

We compiled the habitats where the species were recorded to understand the contribution of prominent habitat types in terms of taxonomic richness. Descriptive statistics were used to calculate the proportional taxonomic contribution per survey period/group. Assessment of the conservation status provided by IUCN was carried out using R software, version 4.2.1 (R Core Team, 2022). The importance of each family and genus was measured by the proportion of their species and genera to the total number of recorded species, genera, and families in the study area (ratios of species/genera, species/families, and genera/families). We also evaluated the proportional contribution of the current species records to the MINAPA flora in terms of species listed in the IUCN red lists as Vulnerable (VU), Endangered (EN), and Critically Endangered (CR).

 

Research Findings

Historical Flora Surveys in MINAPA

Figure 2 displays the significant historical surveys conducted by various scientists. The earliest known survey in this study was conducted by J. Procter in 1965 followed by S. A. Renvoize in 1968, contributing 1.8% and 1.5% to the species checklist, respectively (Figure 2). P. Ole. Sayalel had the highest number of records in 1975, 1976, and 1977, accounting for 23.6% of the records. This was followed by Richard Wingfield in 1975 and the Animal Behavior Research Unit (ABRU) team formed by John Lovertt, Guy Norton, and Herbert Lyaruu in 1977 (Figure 2). Collectively, the older records contributed 79.7%, while the most recent records in 2021 (Bukombe et al.) supported by the REGROW project contributed an additional 20.3% to the records for MINAPA (Figure 2).

 

FIGURE 2: Plant records/projects involved in Mikumi National Park since 1960s

 

Families of the Floristic Records from the 1960s-1990s Surveys

The old species records referring to the plants recorded from the 1960s to the 1990s totaled approximately 778 species distributed across 421 genera and 106 families (Table 6). These records were predominantly composed of dicotyledonous plants. The 8 major families (each with at least 25 species) accounted for 43% of the total genera and 50% of the total species (Table 1A). Among these, the most dominant family was Poaceae, representing 12% of all genera and 15% of all species followed by the family Fabaceae, which accounted for 7% of all genera and 8% of all species.

 

Major Families of the Newly Recorded Plants in 2021 Surveys

A total of approximately 173 newly recorded species in 2021 were distributed across 147 genera and 58 families. These species were additions to the previous list of records from the 1960s to the 1990s. They belonged to 48 families of dicotyledonous plants, 9 families of monocotyledonous plants, and 1 family of pteridophytes. Similar to the old records, the new records were predominantly composed of dicotyledons. The top 8 families, which were referred to as major families, each contained at least 6 species. Collectively, these major families accounted for 45% of all genera and 47% of all species (Table 1A). The major families recorded in 2021 were led by the family Rubiaceae, representing 10.2% of all genera and 12.8% of all species followed by the family Annonaceae with 5.4% of all genera and 5.8% of all species.

 

TABLE 1: Major plant family records (A) during the 1960s-1990s and (B) in 2021 surveys

 

SN

Family

Genus

Number of species

% of genera

% of species

 

A: 8 Major plant family records during the 1960s-1990s

 

 

 

1

Poaceae

52

114

12

15

 

2

Fabaceae

29

66

7

8

 

3

Rubiaceae

22

44

5

6

 

4

Cyperaceae

8

41

2

5

 

5

Asteraceae

27

35

6

5

 

6

Euphorbiaceae

18

33

4

4

 

7

Acanthaceae

15

28

4

4

 

8

Caesalpinioideae

13

25

3

3

 

TOTAL

 

184

386

43

50

 

 

B: 8 major plant family records in 2021

 

 

 

 

1

Rubiaceae

15

22

10.2

12.8

 

2

Annonaceae

6

10

5.4

5.8

 

3

Caesalpinioideae

8

10

5.4

5.8

 

4

Fabaceae

9

10

6.1

5.8

 

5

Euphorbiaceae

8

8

5.4

4.7

 

6

Poaceae

6

8

4.1

4.7

 

7

Asteraceae

6

7

4.1

4.1

 

8

Sapindaceae

6

6

4.1

3.5

 

TOTAL

 

64

81

44.8

47.2

 

Updated Floristic Checklist of MINAPA

The updated plant list of MINAPA integrated both the records from the 1960s-1990s and the most recent records from 2021 (refer to Table 6). This list was developed based on a comprehensive review of the current vegetation resources and comprised approximately 951 species (refer to Table 2). Taxonomically, the list encompassed 503 genera and 124 families. Pteridophytes were represented by 3 families, 4 genera, and 4 species; Monocotyledons were shown by 23 families, 98 genera, and 218 species; and Dicotyledons were demonstrated by 98 families, 401 genera, and 729 species (refer to Table 2). The species richness in MINAPA was predominantly composed of dicotyledonous plants.

 

TABLE 2: Number of species of the different taxonomic groups recorded in Mikumi National Park

Plant groups

Families

Genera

Number of species

 

 

Dicotyledons

98

401

729

 

Monocotyledons

23

98

218

 

Pteridophytes

3

4

4

 

Total

124

503

951

 

 

The updated species checklist of MINAPA highlighted 11 prominent families, each with at least 20 species records. The family Poaceae stood out as the most prominent, comprising 11% (n=54) of all genera and 13% (n=128) of all species followed by Fabaceae and Rubiaceae with 8 and 7% of all genera, respectively (refer to Table 3). Table 4 displays the prominent genera recorded based on the number of species. The genus Cyperus in the Poaceae family was the largest, comprising 5% of the total species in MINAPA. Additionally, 30 families had 5 to 13 species (1%) and 80 families possessed only a single species each (refer to Table 6).

 

 

 

 

TABLE 3: 11 prominent families in the updated checklist of MINAPA

SN

Family

Number of genera

Number of species

% of genera from  the total of updated list

% of species from  the total of updated list

% of genera from  the total of major families

% of species from  the total of major families

1

Poaceae

54

122

11

13

29

65

2

Fabaceae

33

76

7

8

18

41

3

Rubiaceae

32

66

6

7

17

35

4

Cyperaceae

8

43

2

5

4

23

5

Asteraceae

30

42

6

4

16

22

6

Euphorbiaceae

23

41

5

4

12

22

7

Caesalpinioideae

19

35

4

4

10

19

8

Acanthaceae

19

32

4

3

10

17

9

Convolvulaceae

5

23

1

2

3

12

10

Mimosoideae

8

23

2

2

4

12

11

Labiatae

10

21

2

2

5

11

Total of Major Families

 

187

402

50

54

 

 

Total of Updated List

 

503

951

 

 

 

 

 

Major Life Forms

Based on the known plant morphology (life-form) spectra, the updated checklist of plant species in MINAPA could be categorized into 7 groups. The most prevalent life forms were herbs accounting for 407 (43%) of the total number of species followed by trees comprising 295 (31%) species, grasses with 122 (13%) species, shrubs with 8% of the species, sedges with 4.5% of the species, lianas with 3 (0.03%) species, and hemi-climbers with 2 (0.02%) species. In terms of the record status, the life forms of both the new and old records were proportionally similar. However, the records collected in 2021 mostly consisted of trees followed by herbs, whereas the old records included mostly herbs followed by trees (refer to Figure 3).

 

 

FIGURE 3: The plant life forms recorded in MINAPA

 

Plant Species of Conservation Concern

Out of approximately 951 species records in the updated checklist, a total of 35 (3.7%) species were listed in the IUCN red list (refer to Table 4). Among these 35 red-listed species, 15 (1.6%) species were VU, 7 (0.7%) species were NT, 10 (1.0%) species were EN, and 3 (0.3%) species were CR (see Tables A & B of the attached lists). These species were predominantly trees followed by herbs (refer to Table 4).

21 (2.2%) of the total 35 red-listed species records were newly recorded (additional records) in 2021. Additionally, out of the 35 IUCN-listed species, 16 were endemic to Tanzania with only 3 of them recorded in the 1960s-1990s surveys, while 13 species were recorded in the survey conducted in 2021 (refer to Table 5).

 

TABLE 4: Species of conservation value in the UNCN Red List recorded in Mikumi National Park

Conservation status

Total

Year recorded

Herb

Shrub

Tree

Total

CR

3

2021

 

 

2

2

1960s-1990s

1

 

 

1

EN

10

2021

1

2

5

8

1960s-1990s

2

 

 

2

NT

7

2021

 

1

3

4

1960s-1990s

1

 

2

3

VU

15

2021

 

1

6

7

1960s-1990s

2

1

5

8

Total

35

 

7

5

23

35

 

TABLE 5: Plant species endemic to Tanzania recorded from the 1960s to 2021 in Mikumi National Park

SN

Species name

Life-form

IUCN status

Author

Year

1

Zenkerella perplexa

Tree

CR

Temu

2021

2

Euphorbia prostrata

Herb

CR

Ait

 

3

Coffea kihansiensis

Tree

CR

A.                   P. Davis & Mvungi

2021

4

Uvariodendron oligocarpum

Tree

EN

Verdc.

2021

5

Uvariodendron pycnophyllum

Tree

EN

(Diels) R. E. Fr.

2021

6

Uvariodendron usambarense

Tree

EN

R. E. Fr.

2021

7

Cola discoglypremnophylla

Herb

EN

Brenan & A. P. D. Jones

2021

8

Xylia Africana

Tree

EN

Harms

2021

9

Coffea bridsoniae

Tree

EN

A.                   P. Davis & Mvungi

2021

10

Englerodendron usambarense

Tree

NT

Harms

2021

11

Suregada lithoxyla

Shrub

NT

(Pax & K. Hoffm.) Croizat

2021

12

Isolona heinsenii

Tree

VU

Engl. & Diels

2021

13

Monanthotaxis trichantha

Tree

VU

(Diels) Verdc.

2021

14

Isoberlinia scheffleri

Tree

VU

(Harms) Milne - Redhead

1975

15

Allanblackia ulugurensis

Tree

VU

Engl.

2021

16

Polysphaeria braunii

Tree

VU

K. Krause

1977

 

Major Habitat Types

The updated checklist encompassed a wide range of habitat types commonly found in MINAPA. Each habitat type had a unique species composition with several species exclusive to specific habitats (refer to Figure 4). While the old records were predominantly from grassland and woodland, the records in 2021 were primarily from woodland and forest. Woodland emerged as the richest habitat type in the area with at least 60 species records. Only one species, Acalypha fruticosa Forssk, was recorded across all habitat types. 14 species, including Abrus fruticulosus Wall. ex-Wight & Arn., Vachellia hockii (De Wild.) Seigler & Ebinger, Senegalia mellifera (Vahl) Seigler & Ebinger, Vachellia sieberiana (DC.) Kyal. & Boatwr., Acalypha neptunica Müll. Arg., Acalypha lanceolata Willd, Achyranthes aspera L., Allophylus africanus P. Beauv., Asparagus setaceus (Kunth) Jessop, Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Del, and Bauhinia petersiana Bolle, were found in both forest and woodland. None of these species were common in both forest and bushland, while Balanites aegyptiaca occurred in both bushland and grassland. Shrubland and woodland shared 9 species (refer to Figure 4), including Albizia anthelmintica Brongn., Albizia gumufera (J. F. Gmel) A. R. Sm, Scleria schimperiana Boeck, Aristida adscensums L., and Barleria fulvostellata C. B. CL.

.

 

FIGURE 4: Species composition across different habitat types in MINAPA

 

Discussion of Results & Conclusion

The information on flora resources is crucial for monitoring the effects of climate and land cover changes in various areas, including Protected Areas (PAs), over time (PAs) (Mengistu, 2005). The updated floristic list of MINAPA utilizing the currently accepted nomenclature of families, genera, and species has demonstrated the conservation value of MINAPA in providing sustainable forage and shelter and serving as a healthy water catchment resource for both human and wildlife species. This underscores the critical need to conserve the high species diversity present in MINAPA and across Tanzania, as well as the African region. Many of these species are listed in the IUCN red list, indicating their threatened status in terms of conservation or existence in their natural habitats and the urgent need for sustainable conservation strategies. This work highlighted the importance of MINAPA in preserving species endemism as evidenced by a significant number of endemic plants found in the Eastern Arc Mountains with several endemic species recorded at Malundwe Hill. Malundwe Hill is currently the only part of the eastern mountains that is completely protected, being within the borders of MINAPA (Lovett & Norton, 1989; Norton, 1989). This work is expected to contribute to the improvement of management techniques for vegetation resources (Thackway et al., 2007) and can be a valuable contribution to investment in scientific research and tourism (Buxton et al., 2021). The life-form spectrum presented aligns with the flora of arid areas worldwide (Chidumayo & Gumbo, 2010; Timberlake et al., 2010) and specifically for Southern Tanzania (Bourlière & Hadley, 1970). The predominance of trees, shrubs, shrub/tree, grasses, and herbs is characteristic of savanna woodland where trees and shrubs form a light canopy (Belsky & Canham, 1994; Frost, 1996; Menaut & Lepage, 1995), indicating that MINAPA is indeed in semi-arid conditions with woodland and thickets exhibiting highest and lowest species richness, abundance, and diversity, respectively.

The diverse habitat types depicted in Figure 4 provide a unique composition for each, offering a wide range of plant species resources. As can be seen, the grass family (Poaceae) dominates these habitats, along with other crucial families that support the survival of the resident animals (Bastian, 2013; Tews et al., 2004). The Poaceae family plays a vital ecological role by providing forage for various groups of herbivores (Carballo et al., 2019; Hodkinson, 2018), while the Fabaceae family offers a diverse range of browse species for animals. These are just a few examples that highlight the critical role of the available taxa in MINAPA. It is essential to recognize the importance of conserving these diverse habitats through precise prioritization at a fine scale (Benesperi et al., 2018; Harris et al., 2005; Rouget, 2003) supported by research information. This approach helps prevent the loss of available resources, as well as the protection of endemic and threatened plant species, and ensures the availability of plants required by animals with specialized needs.

Moreover, the substantial increase in the recorded species (approximately 173 additional species) from the recent 2021 survey compared to the previously obtained count (approximately 778 species) in MINAPA, highlights the necessity for regular assessments of vegetation resources to monitor changes in floristic information. To fulfill this requirement, we advocated for a landscape approach to vegetation resource surveys, ensuring a broader coverage of resources needed by the consumer group of animals, particularly at the herbivorous level (DeGraaf & Healy, 1992; Dennis, 2012). Surveys play a crucial role in specific PAs and ecosystems. Regular vegetation surveys will enable a prompt and reliable assessment of the effects of ongoing worldwide climatic variability, which leads to habitat changes (Malhi et al., 2020; Thomas & Gillingham, 2015). Furthermore, consistent vegetation studies will facilitate a deeper understanding of underrepresented taxa, such as monocotyledonous and pteridophytes, due to their insufficient sampling. The limited samples are likely a result of poor road networks that hinder navigation, especially during the wet seasons (Rosell Pagès et al., 2016).

 

Table 6: An updated plant checklist of Mikumi National Park

SN

Family

Species name

Life-form

IUCN status

Endemism

Author

Record status

1

Acanthaceae

Asystasia gangetica

Herb

   

(L.) T.  Anders

1960s-1990s

2

Acanthaceae

Barleria fulvostellata

Herb

   

C.B.CL

1960s-1990s

3

Acanthaceae

Barleria grandicalyx

Herb

   

Lindau

1960s-1990s

4

Acanthaceae

Barleria tanzaniana

Herb

   

(Brummitt & J. R.  I.  Wood) I. Darbysh.

1960s-1990s

5

Acanthaceae

Blepharis affinis

Herb

   

Lindau

1960s-1990s

6

Acanthaceae

Blepharis involucrata

Herb

   

Solms ex Schweinf.

1960s-1990s

7

Acanthaceae

Blepharis maderaspatensis

Herb

   

(L.) B. Heyne ex Roth

1960s-1990s

8

Acanthaceae

Blepharis stuhlmannii

Herb

   

Lindau

1960s-1990s

9

Acanthaceae

Brillantaisia owariensis

Herb

   

Beauverd

2021

10

Acanthaceae

Crossandra puberula

Herb

   

Klotzsch

1960s-1990s

11

Acanthaceae

Crossandra subacaulis

Herb

   

C.B.CL

1960s-1990s

12

Acanthaceae

Dicliptera verticillata

Herb

   

(Forssk ) C. Chr.

1960s-1990s

13

Acanthaceae

Dyschoriste trichocalyx subsp. verticillaris

Herb

   

(C. B. Clarke) Vollesen

1960s-1990s

14

Acanthaceae

Hygrophila schulli

Herb

   

(Buch.-Ham.)  M. R. Almeida & S. M. Almeida

1960s-1990s

15

Acanthaceae

Hypoestes aristata

Herb

   

(Vahl) Sol. ex Roem. & Schult.

1960s-1990s

16

Acanthaceae

Hypoestes forskaolii

Herb

   

( Vahl ) Roem & Schult

1960s-1990s

17

Acanthaceae

Hypoestes triflora

Herb

   

Roem & Schult

1960s-1990s

18

Acanthaceae

Isoglossa floribunda

Herb

   

C. B. Clarke

1960s-1990s

19

Acanthaceae

Justicia betonica

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

20

Acanthaceae

Justicia nyassana

Herb

   

Lindau

1960s-1990s

21

Acanthaceae

Justicia scandens

Herb

   

Vahl

1960s-1990s

22

Acanthaceae

Justicia striata subsp. insularis

Herb

   

(T. Anderson)  J. K. Morton

1960s-1990s

23

Acanthaceae

Mimulopsis solmsii

Herb

   

Schweinf.

2021

24

Acanthaceae

Monechma debile

Herb

   

Nees

1960s-1990s

25

Acanthaceae

Nelsonia canescens

Herb

   

(Lam.) Spreng.

2021

26

Acanthaceae

Phaulopsis imbricata

Herb

   

(Forssk.) Sweet

2021

27

Acanthaceae

Pseuderanthemum hildebrandtii

Herb

   

Lindau

1960s-1990s

28

Acanthaceae

Pseuderanthemum tunicatum

Herb

   

(Afzel) Milne - Redhead

1960s-1990s

29

Acanthaceae

Ruellia cordata

Herb

   

Thunb

1960s-1990s

30

Acanthaceae

Sclerochiton vogelii

Herb

   

T.Anders

1960s-1990s

31

Acanthaceae

Thunbergia alata

Herb

   

Boj. Ex Sims

1960s-1990s

32

Acanthaceae

Thunbergia heterochondros

Herb

   

Hildbr. Napper

1960s-1990s

33

Adiantaceae

Adiantum philippense

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

34

Adiantaceae

Doryopteris concolor

Herb

   

(Langsd.and Fisch) Kuhn

1960s-1990s

35

Aizoaceae

Glinus Lotoides

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

36

Aizoaceae

Paramollugo nudicaulis

Herb

   

(Lam.) Thulin

1960s-1990s

37

Alismataceae

Burnatia  enneandra

Herb

   

Michelli

1960s-1990s

38

Amaranthaceae

Achyranthes  aspera

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

39

Amaranthaceae

Aerva lanata

Herb

   

(L.) Schult.

1960s-1990s

40

Amaranthaceae

Alternanthera pungens

Herb

   

Kunth.

1960s-1990s

41

Amaranthaceae

Alternanthera sessilis

Herb

   

(L.) DC.

1960s-1990s

42

Amaranthaceae

Amaranthus graecizans

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

43

Amaranthaceae

Amaranthus hybridus

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

44

Amaranthaceae

Amaranthus viridis

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

45

Amaranthaceae

Celosia acroprosodes

Herb

   

Hochst.

1960s-1990s

46

Amaranthaceae

Celosia argentea

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

47

Amaranthaceae

Celosia schweinfurthiana

Herb

   

Schinz

1960s-1990s

48

Amaranthaceae

Centemopsis kirkii

Herb

   

(Hook f.) Schinz

1960s-1990s

49

Amaranthaceae

Cyathula prostrata

Herb

   

(L.) Blume

1960s-1990s

50

Amaranthaceae

Gomphrena celosioides

Herb

   

C. Mart.

1960s-1990s

51

Amaranthaceae

Nothosaerva brachiata

Herb

   

(L.) Wight

1960s-1990s

52

Amaranthaceae

Psilotrichum elliotii

Herb

   

Bak

1960s-1990s

53

Amaranthaceae

Psilotrichum schimperi

Herb

   

Engl.

1960s-1990s

54

Amaranthaceae

Psilotrichum scleranthum

Herb

   

Thunb

1960s-1990s

55

Amaranthaceae

Pupalia lappacea

Herb

   

(L.) A. Juss.

1960s-1990s

56

Amaryllidaceae

Ammocharis tinneana

Herb

   

(Kotschy & Peyr.) Mine - Red head

1960s-1990s

57

Amaryllidaceae

Crinum kirkii

Herb

   

Bak

1960s-1990s

58

Anacardiaceae

Lannea humilis

Tree

   

(Oliv.) Engl.

2021

59

Anacardiaceae

Lannea schimperi

Tree

   

(Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Engl.

2021

60

Anacardiaceae

Lannea schweinfurthii

Tree

   

(Engl.) Kokwaro

1960s-1990s

61

Anacardiaceae

Ozoroa insignis

Tree

   

Delile

2021

62

Anacardiaceae

Sclerocarya birrea

Tree

   

(A. Rich) Hochst

1960s-1990s

63

Anacardiaceae

Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra

Tree

   

(Sond.) Kokwaro

1960s-1990s

64

Anacardiaceae

Searsia natalensis

Tree

   

(Bernh. ex Krauss) F. A. Barkley

2021

65

Anacardiaceae

Searsia pyroides

Tree

   

(Burch.) Moffett

1960s-1990s

66

Anacardiaceae

Sorindeia madagascariensis

Tree

   

DC

1960s-1990s

67

Annonaceae

Annona senegalensis

Tree

   

Pers

1960s-1990s

68

Annonaceae

Isolona heinsenii

Tree

VU

Tanzania

Engl. & Diels

2021

69

Annonaceae

Lettowianthus stellatus

Tree

   

Diels

1960s-1990s

70

Annonaceae

Monanthotaxis buchananii

Tree

   

Diels

1960s-1990s

71

Annonaceae

Monanthotaxis fornicata

Tree

   

(Baill.) Verdc.

2021

72

Annonaceae

Monanthotaxis trichantha

Tree

VU

Tanzania

(Diels) Verdc.

2021

73

Annonaceae

Sphaerocoryne gracilis

Tree

   

(Oliv. ex Engl. & Diels) Verdc.

2021

74

Annonaceae

Uvaria lucida

Tree

   

Benth.

2021

75

Annonaceae

Uvariodendron oligocarpum

Tree

EN

Tanzania

Verdc.

2021

76

Annonaceae

Uvariodendron pycnophyllum

Tree

EN

Tanzania

(Diels) R. E. Fr.

2021

77

Annonaceae

Uvariodendron usambarense

Tree

EN

Tanzania

R. E. Fr.

2021

78

Annonaceae

Xylopia arenaria

Tree

VU

 

Engl.

2021

79

Annonaceae

Xylopia parviflora

Tree

   

(A. Rich.) Benth.

2021

80

Anthericaceae

Chlorophytum cameronii

Herb

   

( Baker ) Kativu.

1960s-1990s

81

Anthericaceae

Chlorophytum heynei

Herb

   

Bak

1960s-1990s

82

Apiaceae

Steganotaenia araliacea

Shrub

   

Hochst.

2021

83

Apocynaceae

Adenium obesum

Shrub

   

( Forssk. ) Roem. & Schult

1960s-1990s

84

Apocynaceae

Adenium obesum subsp. multiflorum

Shrub

   

(Klotzsch) G. D. Rowley

1960s-1990s

85

Apocynaceae

Carvalhoa campanulata

Shrub

   

K. Schum

1960s-1990s

86

Apocynaceae

Diplorhynchus condylocarpon

Shrub

   

(Muell. Arg) Pichon

1960s-1990s

87

Apocynaceae

Funtumia africana

Shrub

   

(Benth) Stapf

1960s-1990s

88

Apocynaceae

Rauvolfia   mombasiana

Shrub

   

Stapf

2021

89

Apocynaceae

Rauvolfia volkensii

Shrub

VU

 

(K. Schum.) Stapf

2021

90

Apocynaceae

Rauvolfia vomitoria

Shrub

   

Afzel.

2021

91

Apocynaceae

Saba  florida

Shrub

   

( Benth. ) Bullock

1960s-1990s

92

Apocynaceae

Saba comorensis

Shrub

   

(Bojer) Pichon var

1960s-1990s

93

Apocynaceae

Schizozygia coffaeoides

Shrub

   

Baill.

1960s-1990s

94

Apocynaceae

Secamone parvifolia

Shrub

   

(Oliv) Bull

1960s-1990s

95

Apocynaceae

Tabernaemontana ventricosa

Shrub

   

Hochst. ex A. DC.

2021

96

Apocynaceae

Voacanga africana

Shrub

   

Stapf ex Scott Elliot

1960s-1990s

97

Araceae

Amorphophallus goetzel

Herb

   

(Engl.) N.E Br.

1960s-1990s

98

Araceae

Culcasia  falcifolia

Herb

   

Engl.

1960s-1990s

99

Araceae

Culcasia orientalis

Herb

   

Mayo

2021

100

Araceae

Gonatopus boivinii

Herb

   

(Decne) Engl

1960s-1990s

101

Araceae

Pistia  stratiotes

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

102

Araceae

Stylochiton natalensis

Herb

   

Schott

1960s-1990s

103

Araliaceae

Cussonia arborea

Shrub

   

A.Rich.

1960s-1990s

104

Araliaceae

Polyscias stuhlmannii

Shrub

EN

Tanzania and Kenya

Harms

2021

105

Aristolochiaceae

Aristolochia albida

Herb

   

Duchartre

1960s-1990s

106

Asclepiadaceae

Asplenium pumilum

Herb

   

Sw.

1960s-1990s

107

Asclepiadaceae

Ceropegia gigantea

Herb

   

(N. E. Br.) Bruyns

1960s-1990s

108

Asclepiadaceae

Kanahia laniflora

Herb

   

( Forssk. ) R. Br.

1960s-1990s

109

Asclepiadaceae

Tacazzea apiculata

Herb

   

Oliv.

1960s-1990s

110

Asparagaceae

Asparagus aethiopicus

Herb

   

Bak

1960s-1990s

111

Asparagaceae

Asparagus africanus

Herb

   

Lam.

2021

112

Asparagaceae

Asparagus buchananii

Herb

   

Bak

1960s-1990s

113

Asparagaceae

Asparagus falcatus

Herb

   

L.

2021

114

Asparagaceae

Asparagus schroederi

Herb

   

Engl.

1960s-1990s

115

Asparagaceae

Asparagus setaceus

Herb

   

(Kunth) Jessop

1960s-1990s

116

Asparagaceae

Dracaena mannii

Herb

   

Baker

2021

117

Asteraceae

Acmella uliginosa

Herb

   

(Sw.) Cass.

1960s-1990s

118

Asteraceae

Ageratum conyzoides

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

119

Asteraceae

Ananthura pteropoda

Herb

   

(Oliv. & Hiern) H. Rob. & Skvarla

2021

120

Asteraceae

Anaphalis subdecurrens

Herb

   

(DC.) Gamble

1960s-1990s

121

Asteraceae

Aspilia mosambicensis

Herb

   

(Oliv.) Wild

1960s-1990s

122

Asteraceae

Aspilia natalensis

Herb

   

(Sond.) Wild

1960s-1990s

123

Asteraceae

Baccharoides adoensis

Herb

   

(Sch. Bip. ex Walp.) H. Rob.

1960s-1990s

124

Asteraceae

Baccharoides anthelmintica

Herb

   

(L.) Moench

1960s-1990s

125

Asteraceae

Baccharoides lasiopus

Herb

   

(O. Hoffm.) H. Rob.

2021

126

Asteraceae

Bidens pilosa

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

127

Asteraceae

Bidens schimperi

Herb

   

Sch. Bip. ex Walp.

2021

128

Asteraceae

Bidens taylorii

Herb

   

(S. Moore) Sherff

1960s-1990s

129

Asteraceae

Cyanthillium cinereum

Herb

   

(L.) H. Rob.

1960s-1990s

130

Asteraceae

Eclipta prostrata

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

131

Asteraceae

Ecliptica alba

Herb

   

Kuntze

1960s-1990s

132

Asteraceae

Emilia javanica

Herb

   

C.B. Rob

1960s-1990s

133

Asteraceae

Emilia sonchifolia

Herb

   

DC

1960s-1990s

134

Asteraceae

Erigeron sumatrensis

Herb

   

Retz.

1960s-1990s

135

Asteraceae

Eriosema psoraleoides

Herb

   

(Lam.) G.Don

2021

136

Asteraceae

Erythrocephalum minus

Herb

   

Oliv

1960s-1990s

137

Asteraceae

Grangea maderaspatana

Herb

   

Poir

1960s-1990s

138

Asteraceae

Gymnanthemum auriculiferum

Herb

   

(Hiern) Isawumi

2021

139

Asteraceae

Gymnanthemum myrianthum

Herb

   

(Hook. fil.) H. Rob.

2021

140

Asteraceae

Hypericophyllum elatum

Herb

   

N.E.Br

1960s-1990s

141

Asteraceae

Laggera alata

Herb

   

(D. Don) Sch. Bip. ex Oliv.

1960s-1990s

142

Asteraceae

Launaea cornuta

Herb

   

(Hochst, ex Oliv & Hiern) C.Jeffrey

1960s-1990s

143

Asteraceae

Linzia glabra

Herb

   

Steetz

1960s-1990s

144

Asteraceae

Macledium sessiliflorum subsp. sessiliflorum

Herb

   

Harv.

1960s-1990s

145

Asteraceae

Microglossa pyrifolia

Herb

   

Kuntze

1960s-1990s

146

Asteraceae

Pegolettia senegalensis

Herb

   

Cass

1960s-1990s

147

Asteraceae

Pluchea dioscoridis

Herb

   

DC

1960s-1990s

148

Asteraceae

Pseudoconyza viscosa

Herb

   

(Mill.) D' Arcy

1960s-1990s

149

Asteraceae

Sphaeranthus africanus

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

150

Asteraceae

Sphaeranthus kirkii

Herb

   

Oliv. & Hiern

1960s-1990s

151

Asteraceae

Sphaeranthus senegalensis

Herb

   

DC.

1960s-1990s

152

Asteraceae

Synedrella nodiflora

Herb

   

(L.) Gaertn.

1960s-1990s

153

Asteraceae

Tridax procumbens

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

154

Asteraceae

Vernonia galamensis

Herb

   

(Cass.) Less.

2021

155

Asteraceae

Vernonia shweinfurthii

Herb

   

Oliv. & Hiern.

1960s-1990s

156

Asteraceae

Vernonia stuhlmannii

Herb

   

O.Hoffin

1960s-1990s

157

Asteraceae

Vernoniastrum aemulans

Herb

   

(Vatke) H. Rob.

1960s-1990s

158

Asteraceae

Vernoniastrum latifolium

Herb

   

(Steetz) H. Rob.

1960s-1990s

159

Balanitaceae

Balanites aegyptiaca

Tree

   

(L.) Del

1960s-1990s

160

Balanitaceae

Balanites glabra

Tree

   

Mildbr. & Schltr.

2021

161

Bignoniaceae

Kigelia africana

Tree

   

(Lam.) Benth.

1960s-1990s

162

Bignoniaceae

Markhamia lutea

Tree

   

(Benth.) K. Schum.

2021

163

Bignoniaceae

Markhamia obtusifolia

Shrub

   

(Bak) Sprague

1960s-1990s

164

Bignoniaceae

Markhamia zanzibarica

Shrub

   

(Bojer ex DC.) K. Schum.

1960s-1990s

165

Bignoniaceae

Stereospermum kunthianum

Tree

   

Cham

1960s-1990s

166

Bombaceae

Adansonia digitata

Tree

   

L.

1960s-1990s

167

Boraginaceae

Bourreria petiolaris

Shrub

   

(Lam.) Thulin

1960s-1990s

168

Boraginaceae

Cordia africana

Tree

   

Lam.

1960s-1990s

169

Boraginaceae

Cordia monoica

Tree

   

Roxb.

1960s-1990s

170

Boraginaceae

Cordia monoica subsp. monoica

Tree

   

R. Br. ex DC.

1960s-1990s

171

Boraginaceae

Ehretia amoena

Tree

   

KI

1960s-1990s

172

Boraginaceae

Euploca strigosa

Herb

   

(Willd.) Diane & Hilger

1960s-1990s

173

Boraginaceae

Heliotropium indicum

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

174

Boraginaceae

Heliotropium supinum

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

175

Boraginaceae

Trichodesma zeylanicum

Herb

   

(Burm.f.) R.Br.

1960s-1990s

176

Burseaceae

Commiphora africana

Tree

   

(A. Rich) Engl

1960s-1990s

177

Burseaceae

Commiphora edulis subsp. boiviniana

Tree

   

(Engl.) Gillett

1960s-1990s

178

Burseaceae

Commiphora pteleifolia

Tree

   

Engl.

1960s-1990s

179

Cactaceae

Rhipsalis parasitica subsp. parasitica

Tree

   

(J.Mill.) Stearn.

1960s-1990s

180

Caesalpinioideae

Afzelia quanzensis

Tree

   

Welw

1960s-1990s

181

Caesalpinioideae

Bauhinia petersiana

Tree

   

Bolle

2021

182

Caesalpinioideae

Bauhinia tomentosa

Tree

   

L.

1960s-1990s

183

Caesalpinioideae

Brachystegia allenii

Tree

   

Hutch. & Burtt Davy

2021

184

Caesalpinioideae

Brachystegia boehmii

Tree

   

Taub

1960s-1990s

185

Caesalpinioideae

Brachystegia bussei

Tree

   

Harms

1960s-1990s

186

Caesalpinioideae

Brachystegia floribunda

Tree

   

Benth.

2021

187

Caesalpinioideae

Brachystegia longifolia

Tree

   

Benth

1960s-1990s

188

Caesalpinioideae

Brachystegia manga

Tree

   

De Wild

1960s-1990s

189

Caesalpinioideae

Brachystegia spiciformis

Tree

   

Benth

1960s-1990s

190

Caesalpinioideae

Brachystegia stipulata

Tree

   

De Wild.

2021

191

Caesalpinioideae

Brachystegia tamarindoides subsp. microphylla

Tree

   

(Harms) Chikuni

1960s-1990s

192

Caesalpinioideae

Burkea africana

Tree

   

Hook

1960s-1990s

193

Caesalpinioideae

Cassia abbreviata

Tree

   

Oliv.

1960s-1990s

194

Caesalpinioideae

Chamaecrista absus

Herb

   

(L.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby

1960s-1990s

195

Caesalpinioideae

Chamaecrista grantii

Tree

   

(Oliv.) Standl.

1960s-1990s

196

Caesalpinioideae

Chamaecrista mimosoides

Herb

   

(L.) Greene

1960s-1990s

197

Caesalpinioideae

Chamaecrista stricta

Tree

   

E.Mey.

1960s-1990s

198

Caesalpinioideae

Cordyla africana

Tree

   

Lour

1960s-1990s

199

Caesalpinioideae

Cryptosepalum maraviense

Shrub

   

Oliv.

2021

200

Caesalpinioideae

Dialium holtzii

Tree

   

Harms

2021

201

Caesalpinioideae

Englerodendron usambarense

Tree

NT

Tanzania

Harms

2021

202

Caesalpinioideae

Isoberlinia scheffleri

Tree

VU

Tanzania

(Harms)Milne - Redhead

1960s-1990s

203

Caesalpinioideae

Julbernardia globiflora

Tree

   

(Benth) Troupin

1960s-1990s

204

Caesalpinioideae

Mezoneuron angolense

Tree

   

Welw. ex Oliv.

2021

205

Caesalpinioideae

Piliostigma thonningii

Tree

   

(K.Schum.) Milne - Redhead

1960s-1990s

206

Caesalpinioideae

Senna auriculata

Shrub

   

(L.) Roxb.

1960s-1990s

207

Caesalpinioideae

Senna hirsuta

Herb

   

(L.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby

1960s-1990s

208

Caesalpinioideae

Senna obtusifolia

Herb

   

(L.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby

1960s-1990s

209

Caesalpinioideae

Senna siamea

Tree

   

(Lam.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby

1960s-1990s

210

Caesalpinioideae

Senna singueana

Tree

   

(Delile) Lock

1960s-1990s

211

Caesalpinioideae

Tamarindus indica

Tree

   

L.

1960s-1990s

212

Caesalpinioideae

Tylosema fassoglensis

Herb

   

(Schweinf.) Torre & Hillc.

1960s-1990s

213

Caesalpinioideae

Vachellia kirkii

Tree

   

(Oliv.) Kyal. & Boatwr.

2021

214

Caesalpinioideae

Zenkerella perplexa

Tree

CR

Tanzania

Temu

2021

215

Cannabaceae

Trema orientalis

Tree

   

(L.) Blume

2021

216

Capparidaceae

Boscia salicifolia

Tree

   

Oliv

1960s-1990s

217

Capparidaceae

Capparis tomentosa

Tree

   

Lam

1960s-1990s

218

Capparidaceae

Corynandra simplicifolia

Herb

   

(Cambess.) Roalson

1960s-1990s

219

Capparidaceae

Gynandropsis gynandra

Herb

   

(L.) Briq.

1960s-1990s

220

Capparidaceae

Maerua angolensis

Shrub

   

DC

1960s-1990s

221

Capparidaceae

Maerua edulis

Herb

   

(Gilg. & Ren) De Wolf

1960s-1990s

222

Capparidaceae

Maerua grantii

Shrub

   

Oliv

1960s-1990s

223

Capparidaceae

Sieruela hirta

Herb

   

(Klotzsch) Roalson & J. C. Hall

1960s-1990s

224

Capparidaceae

Thilachium africanum

Shrub

   

Lour

1960s-1990s

225

Caryophyllaceae

Polycarpaea eriantha

Herb

   

A.Rich. Var eriantha

1960s-1990s

226

Celastraceae

Catha edulis

Shrub

   

Forssk.

2021

227

Celastraceae

Elaeodendron buchananii

Tree

   

(Loes) Loes

1960s-1990s

228

Celastraceae

Gymnosporia acuminata

Tree

   

(L. fil.) Szyszyl.

1960s-1990s

229

Celastraceae

Gymnosporia senegalensis

Tree

   

(Lam.) Loes.

1960s-1990s

230

Celastraceae

Gymnosporia undata

Tree

   

(Thunb.) Szyszyl.

1960s-1990s

231

Celastraceae

Mystroxylon aethiopicum

Tree

   

(Thunb.) Loes.

2021

232

Celastraceae

Salacia madagascariensis

liana

   

(Lam.) DC.

2021

233

Chrysobalanaceae

Parinari excelsa

Tree

   

Sabine

1960s-1990s

234

Clusiaceae

Garcinia buchananii

Tree

   

Baker

2021

235

Colchicaceae

Gloriosa superba

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

236

Combretaceae

Combretum adenogonium

Tree

   

Steud. ex A. Rich.

2021

237

Combretaceae

Combretum apiculatum

Tree

   

Sond.

2021

238

Combretaceae

Combretum collinum

Tree

   

Fresen(Engl) Okafor

1960s-1990s

239

Combretaceae

Combretum hereroense

Tree

   

Schinz

1960s-1990s

240

Combretaceae

Combretum molle

Tree

   

G.Don

1960s-1990s

241

Combretaceae

Combretum mossambicense

Tree

   

(KI) Engl

1960s-1990s

242

Combretaceae

Combretum paniculatum

Tree

   

Vent

1960s-1990s

243

Combretaceae

Combretum pentagonum

Tree

   

Lass.

2021

244

Combretaceae

Combretum zeyheri

Tree

   

Sond

1960s-1990s

245

Combretaceae

Terminalia brownii

Tree

   

Fresen

1960s-1990s

246

Combretaceae

Terminalia kaiserana

Tree

   

F.Hoff

1960s-1990s

247

Combretaceae

Terminalia kilimandscharica

Tree

   

Engl

1960s-1990s

248

Combretaceae

Terminalia mollis

Tree

   

Laws

1960s-1990s

249

Combretaceae

Terminalia myrtifolia

Tree

   

(M. A. Lawson) Gere & Boatwr.

1960s-1990s

250

Combretaceae

Terminalia sambesiaca

Tree

   

Engl. & Diels

1960s-1990s

251

Combretaceae

Terminalia sericea

Tree

   

DC

1960s-1990s

252

Combretaceae

Terminalia spinosa

Tree

   

Engl

1960s-1990s

253

Combretaceae

Terminalia stenostachya

Tree

   

Engl

1960s-1990s

254

Combretaceae

Terminalia trichopoda

Tree

   

Diels

1960s-1990s

255

Commelinaceae

Aneilema aequinoctiale

Herb

   

(P.Beauv.) G.Don

2021

256

Commelinaceae

Aneilema pedunculosum

Herb

   

C.B.CL.

1960s-1990s

257

Commelinaceae

Commelina benghalensis

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

258

Commelinaceae

Commelina bracteosa var. lagosensis

Herb

   

(C.B.Clarke) Faden

1960s-1990s

259

Commelinaceae

Commelina diffusa

Herb

   

Burm.f.

1960s-1990s

260

Commelinaceae

Commelina erecta

Herb

   

Lssp.erecta

1960s-1990s

261

Commelinaceae

Commelina foliacea

Herb

   

Chiov.

1960s-1990s

262

Commelinaceae

Commelina latifolia

Herb

   

A.Rich.

1960s-1990s

263

Commelinaceae

Commelina subulata

Herb

   

Roth

1960s-1990s

264

Commelinaceae

Murdannia simplex

Herb

   

(Vahl.) Brenan

1960s-1990s

265

Connaraceae

Agelaea pentagyna

Tree

   

(Lam.) Baill.

1960s-1990s

266

Connaraceae

Rourea orientalis

Shrub

   

Baill.

1960s-1990s

267

Connaraceae

Rourea thomsonii

Tree

   

(Baker) Jongkind

2021

268

Convolvulaceae

Evolvulus alsinoides

Herb

   

(L.) L.

1960s-1990s

269

Convolvulaceae

Ipomoea aquatica

Herb

   

Forssk

1960s-1990s

270

Convolvulaceae

Ipomoea batatas

Herb

   

(L.) Lam.

1960s-1990s

271

Convolvulaceae

Ipomoea coptica

Herb

   

(L.) Roem. & Schult.

1960s-1990s

272

Convolvulaceae

Ipomoea crassipes

Herb

   

Hook

1960s-1990s

273

Convolvulaceae

Ipomoea crepidiformis

Herb

   

Hall.f

1960s-1990s

274

Convolvulaceae

Ipomoea eriocarpa

Herb

   

R.Br.

1960s-1990s

275

Convolvulaceae

Ipomoea heterotricha

Herb

   

F. Didr

1960s-1990s

276

Convolvulaceae

Ipomoea involucrata

Herb

   

Beauv

1960s-1990s

277

Convolvulaceae

Ipomoea lapathifolia

Herb

   

Hall.f

1960s-1990s

278

Convolvulaceae

Ipomoea malvacea

Herb

   

(Klotzsch) J. R. I. Wood & Scotland

1960s-1990s

279

Convolvulaceae

Ipomoea mombassana

Herb

   

Vatke

1960s-1990s

280

Convolvulaceae

Ipomoea obscura

Herb

   

(L.) Ker - Gam

1960s-1990s

281

Convolvulaceae

Ipomoea owariensis

Herb

   

P. Beauv.

1960s-1990s

282

Convolvulaceae

Ipomoea rubens

Herb

   

Choicy

1960s-1990s

283

Convolvulaceae

Ipomoea sinensis

Herb

   

(Desr) Choisy

1960s-1990s

284

Convolvulaceae

Ipomoea tenuipes

Herb

   

Verde

1960s-1990s

285

Convolvulaceae

Ipomoea venosa

Herb

   

(Desr) Roem

1960s-1990s

286

Convolvulaceae

Jacquemontia paniculata

Herb

   

(Bum.f) Hall f.

1960s-1990s

287

Convolvulaceae

Jacquemontia tamnifolia

Herb

   

(L.) Griseb

1960s-1990s

288

Convolvulaceae

Merremia hederacea

Herb

   

(Bum.f) Hall f.

1960s-1990s

289

Convolvulaceae

Merremia palmata

Herb

   

Hall.f

1960s-1990s

290

Convolvulaceae

Xenostegia pinnata

Herb

   

(Hochst. ex Choisy) A. R. Simões & Staples

1960s-1990s

291

Crassulaceae

Kalanchoe integra

Herb

   

(Med) Kuntze

1960s-1990s

292

Cruciferae

Brassica juncea

Herb

   

(L.) Czern

1960s-1990s

293

Cruciferae

Rorippa micrantha

Herb

   

(Roth) Jonsell

1960s-1990s

294

Cucurbitaceae

Blastania cerasiformis

Herb

   

(Stocks) A. Meeuse

1960s-1990s

295

Cucurbitaceae

Coccinia grandis

Herb

   

(L.) Voigt

1960s-1990s

296

Cucurbitaceae

Cucumis hirsutus

Herb

   

Sond

1960s-1990s

297

Cucurbitaceae

Cucumis maderaspatanus

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

298

Cucurbitaceae

Cucumis melo

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

299

Cucurbitaceae

Cucumis metuliferus

Herb

   

Nand

1960s-1990s

300

Cucurbitaceae

Cucumis sacleuxii

Herb

   

Paik

1960s-1990s

301

Cucurbitaceae

Lagenaria sphaerica

Herb

   

(Sond) Nand

1960s-1990s

302

Cucurbitaceae

Momordica anigosantha

Herb

   

Gilg

1960s-1990s

303

Cucurbitaceae

Zehneria scabra

Herb

   

(L.f ) Sond

1960s-1990s

304

Cucurbitaceae

Zehneria thwaitesii

Herb

   

(Schweinf.) C.Jeffrey

1960s-1990s

305

Cyperaceae

Bulbostylis hispidula

Sedge

 

(Vahl) R.W.Haines

1960s-1990s

306

Cyperaceae

Bulbostylis pusilla

Sedge

 

(A.Rich.) C.B.CL.R.Heines

1960s-1990s

307

Cyperaceae

Cyperus alternifolius

Sedge

 

L.

1960s-1990s

308

Cyperaceae

Cyperus amabilis

Sedge

 

Vahl

1960s-1990s

309

Cyperaceae

Cyperus articulatus

Sedge

 

L.

1960s-1990s

310

Cyperaceae

Cyperus ascocapensis

Sedge

 

Bauters

1960s-1990s

311

Cyperaceae

Cyperus bulbipes

Sedge

 

Mattf. & Kük.

1960s-1990s

312

Cyperaceae

Cyperus cancellatus

Sedge

 

Ridley

1960s-1990s

313

Cyperaceae

Cyperus comosipes

Sedge

 

Mattf.and Kuk

1960s-1990s

314

Cyperaceae

Cyperus compressus

Sedge

 

L.

1960s-1990s

315

Cyperaceae

Cyperus cyperoides

Sedge

 

(L.) (Kunth) K.Lye

1960s-1990s

316

Cyperaceae

Cyperus difformis

Sedge

 

L.

1960s-1990s

317

Cyperaceae

Cyperus distans

Sedge

 

L.f.

1960s-1990s

318

Cyperaceae

Cyperus dubius

Sedge

 

Rott.

1960s-1990s

319

Cyperaceae

Cyperus erectus

Sedge

 

(Schumach.) Mattf. & Kük.

2021

320

Cyperaceae

Cyperus exaltatus

Sedge

 

Retz.

1960s-1990s

321

Cyperaceae

Cyperus ferrugineoviridis

Sedge

 

(C.B.Cl.) Kuk.

1960s-1990s

322

Cyperaceae

Cyperus hemisphaericus

Sedge

 

Boeck

1960s-1990s

323

Cyperaceae

Cyperus imbricatus

Sedge

 

Retz.

2021

324

Cyperaceae

Cyperus iria

Sedge

 

L.

1960s-1990s

325

Cyperaceae

Cyperus macrostachyos

Sedge

 

Lam.

1960s-1990s

326

Cyperaceae

Cyperus maculatus

Sedge

 

Boeck

1960s-1990s

327

Cyperaceae

Cyperus mollipes

Sedge

 

(C.B.Clarke) K.Schum.

1960s-1990s

328

Cyperaceae

Cyperus niveus

Sedge

 

Retz var. niveus

1960s-1990s

329

Cyperaceae

Cyperus pumilus

Sedge

 

L.var.patens (Vahl) Kuk.

1960s-1990s

330

Cyperaceae

Cyperus renschii

Sedge

 

Boeck.var.renschii

1960s-1990s

331

Cyperaceae

Cyperus rotundus

Sedge

 

(Rott.) Kuh.

1960s-1990s

332

Cyperaceae

Cyperus squarrosus

Sedge

 

L.

1960s-1990s

333

Cyperaceae

Cyperus tenuispica

Sedge

 

Steud.

1960s-1990s

334

Cyperaceae

Eleocharis acutangula

Sedge

 

( Roxb. ) Schult.

1960s-1990s

335

Cyperaceae

Fimbristylis barteri

Sedge

 

Boeckeler

1960s-1990s

336

Cyperaceae

Fimbristylis bisumbellata

Sedge

 

( Forsk. ) Buf.

1960s-1990s

337

Cyperaceae

Fimbristylis microcarya var. microcarya

Sedge

 

Boeckeler

1960s-1990s

338

Cyperaceae

Fuirena ciliaris

Sedge

 

(L.)Roxb

1960s-1990s

339

Cyperaceae

Schoenoplectiella articulata

Sedge

 

(L.) Lye

1960s-1990s

340

Cyperaceae

Schoenoplectiella juncea

Sedge

 

(Willd.) Lye

1960s-1990s

341

Cyperaceae

Schoenoplectiella lateriflora

Sedge

 

(J.F.Gmel.) Lye

1960s-1990s

342

Cyperaceae

Schoenoplectiella senegalensis

Sedge

 

(Steud.) Lye

1960s-1990s

343

Cyperaceae

Scirpus aureglumis

Sedge

 

Hooper

1960s-1990s

344

Cyperaceae

Scirpus jacobii

Sedge

 

C. E.C. Pischer

1960s-1990s

345

Cyperaceae

Scleria foliosa

Sedge

 

A.Rich.

1960s-1990s

346

Cyperaceae

Scleria lithosperma

Sedge

 

(L.)Sw.

1960s-1990s

347

Cyperaceae

Scleria schimperiana

Sedge

 

Boeck

1960s-1990s

348

Dennstaedtiaceae

Pteridium aquilinum

Herb

   

(L.) Kuhn

2021

349

Dichapetalaceae

Dichapetalum stuhlmannii

liana

   

Engl.

2021

350

Dioscoreaceae

Dioscorea sansibarensis

Herb

   

Pax

1960s-1990s

351

Draceanaceae

Dracaena  laxissima

Herb

   

Engl.

1960s-1990s

352

Draceanaceae

Dracaena  usambarensis

Herb

   

Engl.

1960s-1990s

353

Ebenaceae

Diospyros amaniensis

Tree

VU

Kenya and Tanzania

Gurke

1960s-1990s

354

Ebenaceae

Diospyros kabuyeana

Tree

   

F.White

2021

355

Ebenaceae

Diospyros kirkii

Tree

   

Hiern

1960s-1990s

356

Ebenaceae

Diospyros loureiroana

Tree

   

G.Don

2021

357

Ebenaceae

Diospyros mespiliformis

Tree

   

DC

1960s-1990s

358

Ebenaceae

Diospyros zombensis

Tree

   

(B.L.Burtt) F.White

1960s-1990s

359

Erythroxylaceae

Erythroxylum emarginatum

Shrub

   

Thonn

1960s-1990s

360

Erythroxylaceae

Pseudopus apodus

Shrub

   

(Pallas, 1775)

2021

361

Euphorbiaceae

Acalypha ciliata

Herb

   

Forssk

1960s-1990s

362

Euphorbiaceae

Acalypha fruticosa

Herb

   

Forssk

1960s-1990s

363

Euphorbiaceae

Acalypha indica

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

364

Euphorbiaceae

Acalypha lanceolata

Herb

   

Willd

1960s-1990s

365

Euphorbiaceae

Acalypha neptunica

Shrub

   

Müll.Arg.

2021

366

Euphorbiaceae

Acalypha ornata

Herb

   

A.Rich

1960s-1990s

367

Euphorbiaceae

Acalypha petiolaris

Herb

   

Hochst.

1960s-1990s

368

Euphorbiaceae

Alchornea laxiflora

Tree

   

(Benth) Pax & Hofffin

1960s-1990s

369

Euphorbiaceae

Antidesma membranaceum

Tree

   

Muell. Arg

1960s-1990s

370

Euphorbiaceae

Antidesma venosum

Tree

   

Thul

1960s-1990s

371

Euphorbiaceae

Antidesma vogelianum

Tree

   

Muell. Arg

1960s-1990s

372

Euphorbiaceae

Bridelia cathartica

Shrub

   

Bertol.f

1960s-1990s

373

Euphorbiaceae

Bridelia micrantha

Shrub

   

(Hochst.) Baill.

2021

374

Euphorbiaceae

Caperonia stuhlmannii

Herb

   

Pax

1960s-1990s

375

Euphorbiaceae

Cleistanthus schlechteri

Tree

   

(Pax) Hutch.

2021

376

Euphorbiaceae

Croton dichogamus

Shrub

   

Pax

1960s-1990s

377

Euphorbiaceae

Dalechampia scandens

Herb

   

L

1960s-1990s

378

Euphorbiaceae

Drypetes reticulata

Tree

   

Pax

1960s-1990s

379

Euphorbiaceae

Drypetes usambarica

Tree

   

(Pax) Hutch

1960s-1990s

380

Euphorbiaceae

Erythrococca kirkii

Shrub

   

(Muell. Arg) Prain

1960s-1990s

381

Euphorbiaceae

Euphorbia candelabrum

Tree

   

KI

1960s-1990s

382

Euphorbiaceae

Euphorbia hirta

Herb

   

L

1960s-1990s

383

Euphorbiaceae

Euphorbia hyssopifolia

Herb

   

L

1960s-1990s

384

Euphorbiaceae

Euphorbia prostrata

Herb

CR

Tanzania

Ait

1960s-1990s

385

Euphorbiaceae

Euphorbia systyloides

Herb

   

Pax

1960s-1990s

386

Euphorbiaceae

Flueggea virosa

Shrub

   

(Willd.) Voigt.

1960s-1990s

387

Euphorbiaceae

Hymenocardia acida

Tree

   

Thul

1960s-1990s

388

Euphorbiaceae

Macaranga kilimandscharica

Tree

   

Pax

2021

389

Euphorbiaceae

Maprounea africana

Shrub

   

F.Muell

1960s-1990s

390

Euphorbiaceae

Margaritaria discoidea

Tree

   

(Baill.) G.L.Webster

2021

391

Euphorbiaceae

Phyllanthus amarus

Herb

   

K.Schum & Thonn

1960s-1990s

392

Euphorbiaceae

Phyllanthus sepialis

Shrub

   

Muell.Arg

1960s-1990s

393

Euphorbiaceae

Phyllanthus welwitschianus

Shrub

   

Muell. Arg  (Hutch) A.R.Smith

1960s-1990s

394

Euphorbiaceae

Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia

Tree

   

Pax

1960s-1990s

395

Euphorbiaceae

Shirakiopsis elliptica

Tree

   

(Hochst.) Esser

2021

396

Euphorbiaceae

Spirostachys africana

Tree

   

Sond

1960s-1990s

397

Euphorbiaceae

Suregada lithoxyla

Shrub

NT

Tanzania

(Pax & K.Hoffm.) Croizat

2021

398

Euphorbiaceae

Thecacoris spathulifolia var. spathulifolia

Tree

   

Pax

1960s-1990s

399

Euphorbiaceae

Tragia adenanthera

Climber

 

Baill.

2021

400

Euphorbiaceae

Tragia furialis

Shrub

   

Bojer

1960s-1990s

401

Euphorbiaceae

Tragia hildebrandtii

Herb

   

Muell.Arg

1960s-1990s

402

Flacourtiaceae

Casearia battiscombei

Tree

   

R. E. Fr.

2021

403

Flacourtiaceae

Dovyalis abyssinica

Tree

   

(Rich.) Warb.

2021

404

Flacourtiaceae

Dovyalis macrocalyx

Tree

   

(Oliv) Warb

1960s-1990s

405

Flacourtiaceae

Flacourtia indica

Tree

   

(Burm. fil.) Merr.

2021

406

Flacourtiaceae

Lindackeria bukobensis

Tree

   

Gilg

1960s-1990s

407

Flacourtiaceae

Oncoba spinosa

Tree

   

Forssk

1960s-1990s

408

Flacourtiaceae

Rawsonia lucida

Tree

   

Harv. & Sond.

1960s-1990s

409

Flacourtiaceae

Xylotheca tettensis

Tree

   

(KI) Gilg

1960s-1990s

410

Flagellariaceae

Flagellaria guineensis

Herb

   

Schumach.

2021

411

Gentinaceae

Canscora diffusa

Herb

   

(Vahl.) Roem & Schult

1960s-1990s

412

Gentinaceae

Enicostema axillare

Herb

   

(Lam) A.Rayn

1960s-1990s

413

Gentinaceae

Exacum quinquenervium

Herb

   

Griseb

1960s-1990s

414

Guttiferae

Allanblackia stuhlmannii

Tree

   

(Engl.) Engl.

2021

415

Guttiferae

Allanblackia ulugurensis

Tree

VU

Tanzania

Engl.

2021

416

Guttiferae

Garcinia huillensis

Tree

   

Welw. Ex. Oliv

1960s-1990s

417

Guttiferae

Garcinia volkensii

Tree

   

Engl.

2021

418

Guttiferae

Psorospermum febrifugum

Tree

   

Spach

1960s-1990s

419

Hyacinthaceae

Drimia altissima

Herb

   

(L.f.) Ker Gawl.

1960s-1990s

420

Hydnoraceae

Hydnora abyssinica

Herb

   

Shweinf

1960s-1990s

421

Hydrocharitaceae

Lagarosiphon muscoides

Herb

   

Harvey

1960s-1990s

422

Hydrocharitaceae

Ottelia ulvifolia

Herb

   

(Planch) Walp.

1960s-1990s

423

Hypoxidaceae

Hypoxis angustifolia

Herb

   

Lam

1960s-1990s

424

Icacinaceae

Apodytes dimidiata

Tree

   

E. Mey. ex Arn.

2021

425

Icacinaceae

Dasylepis integra

Tree

   

Warb. ex Engl.

2021

426

Icacinaceae

Pyrenacantha kaurabassana

Herb

   

Baill

1960s-1990s

427

Icacinaceae

Rhaphiostylis beninensis

Shrub

   

(Planch) Benth

1960s-1990s

428

Iridaceae

Crocosmia aurea

Herb

   

Planch

1960s-1990s

429

Iridaceae

Dietes iridioides

Herb

   

(L.) Sweet.

1960s-1990s

430

Iridaceae

Gladiolus dalenii subsp. dalenii

Herb

   

Reinw. ex Hook.

1960s-1990s

431

Labiatae

Basilicum polystachyon

Herb

   

(L) Moenth

1960s-1990s

432

Labiatae

Coleus rhodesianum

Herb

   

(N.E.Br.) A.J.Paton

1960s-1990s

433

Labiatae

Coleus scruposus

Herb

   

A.J.Paton

2021

434

Labiatae

Equilabium flaccidum

Herb

   

(Vatke) Mwany. & A.J.Paton

1960s-1990s

435

Labiatae

Equilabium vesiculare

Herb

   

(A.J.Paton) Mwany. & A.J.Paton

2021

436

Labiatae

Haumaniastrum villosum

Herb

   

(Benth.) A.J.Paton

1960s-1990s

437

Labiatae

Hoslundia opposita

Herb

   

Vahl

1960s-1990s

438

Labiatae

Leonotis nepetifolia

Herb

   

R.Br.

1960s-1990s

439

Labiatae

Leucas deflexa

Herb

   

Hook.f.

2021

440

Labiatae

Leucas glabrata

Herb

   

(Vahl) Sm.

1960s-1990s

441

Labiatae

Leucas martinicensis

Herb

   

(Jacq) R.Br

1960s-1990s

442

Labiatae

Leucas nyassae

Herb

   

Gurke

1960s-1990s

443

Labiatae

Mesosphaerum pectinatum

Herb

   

(L.) Kuntze

1960s-1990s

444

Labiatae

Mesosphaerum suaveolens

Herb

   

(L.) Kuntze

1960s-1990s

445

Labiatae

Ocimum basilicum

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

446

Labiatae

Ocimum gratissimum

Herb

   

L.

2021

447

Labiatae

Ocimum gratissimum subsp. gratissimum

Herb

   

Willd.

1960s-1990s

448

Labiatae

Ocimum obovatum

Herb

   

E.Mey. ex Benth.

1960s-1990s

449

Labiatae

Orthosiphon parvifolius

Herb

   

Vatke

1960s-1990s

450

Labiatae

Orthosiphon rubicundus

Herb

   

Benth

1960s-1990s

451

Labiatae

Orthosiphon thymiflorus

Herb

   

(Roth) Sleesen

1960s-1990s

452

Lauraceae

Beilschmiedia kweo

Tree

   

(Mildbr.) Robyns & R. Wilczek

2021

453

Lemnaceae

Lemna perpusilla

Herb

   

Torr

1960s-1990s

454

Lentibulariaceae

Utricularia stellaris

Herb

VU

 

L.f.

1960s-1990s

455

Linaceae

Hugonia castaneifolia

Tree

   

Engl

1960s-1990s

456

Loganiaceae

Strychnos henningsii

Tree

   

Gilg

1960s-1990s

457

Loganiaceae

Strychnos madagascariensis

Tree

   

Poir.

1960s-1990s

458

Loganiaceae

Strychnos potatorum

Tree

   

L. fil.

2021

459

Loganiaceae

Strychnos spinosa

Tree

   

Lam

1960s-1990s

460

Loganiaceae

Strychnos xylophylla

Shrub

EN

 

Gilg

2021

461

Loranthaceae

Englerina muerensis

Shrub

   

Engl

1960s-1990s

462

Loranthaceae

Erianthemum lindense

Shrub

VU

Kenya and Tanzania

(Sprague) Danser

1960s-1990s

463

Loranthaceae

Oncocalyx fischeri

Shrub

   

(Engl.) M. G. Gilbert

1960s-1990s

464

Loranthaceae

Phragmanthera berliniicola

Shrub

   

Engl

1960s-1990s

465

Loranthaceae

Plicosepalus curviflorus

Shrub

   

(Benth)

1960s-1990s

466

Loranthaceae

Spragueanella rhamnifolia

Shrub

   

(Engl.) Balle

1960s-1990s

467

Loranthaceae

Taxillus remota

Shrub

   

(Bak. & Sprague) Wiens

1960s-1990s

468

Lythraceae

Ammannia auriculata

Herb

   

Willd

1960s-1990s

469

Malvaceae

Abutilon grandiflorum

Herb

   

G.Don

1960s-1990s

470

Malvaceae

Abutilon guineense

Herb

   

(K.Schum) Bak.f.

1960s-1990s

471

Malvaceae

Abutilon mauritianum

Herb

   

(Jacq) Medic

1960s-1990s

472

Malvaceae

Cola discoglypremnophylla

Herb

EN

Tanzania

Brenan & A. P. D. Jones

2021

473

Malvaceae

Hibiscus articulatus

Herb

   

Hochs ex A. Rich

1960s-1990s

474

Malvaceae

Hibiscus cannabinus

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

475

Malvaceae

Hibiscus migeodii

Herb

   

Exell

1960s-1990s

476

Malvaceae

Hibiscus physaloides

Herb

   

Guill

1960s-1990s

477

Malvaceae

Hibiscus purpureus

Herb

   

Forssk.

1960s-1990s

478

Malvaceae

Hibiscus shirensis

Herb

   

Sprague & Hutch

1960s-1990s

479

Malvaceae

Hibiscus surattensis

Herb

   

L

1960s-1990s

480

Malvaceae

Hibiscus vitifolius

Herb

   

L

1960s-1990s

481

Malvaceae

Malvastrum coromandelianum

Herb

   

(L.) Garcke

1960s-1990s

482

Malvaceae

Pavonia urens

Herb

   

Cav.

2021

483

Malvaceae

Sida acuta

Herb

   

Burm.f.

1960s-1990s

484

Malvaceae

Sida ovata

Herb

   

Forssk.

1960s-1990s

485

Malvaceae

Sida rhombifolia var. serratifolia

Herb

   

(R. Wilczek & Steyaert) Verdc.

1960s-1990s

486

Malvaceae

Sida spinosa

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

487

Malvaceae

Urena lobata

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

488

Malvoideae

Sida cordifolia

Herb

   

L.

2021

489

Melastomataceae

Heterotis rotundifolia

Herb

   

(Sm.) Jacq.-Fél.

2021

490

Meliaceae

Azadirachta indica

Tree

   

A. Juss.

2021

491

Meliaceae

Khaya anthotheca

Tree

VU

 

(Welw.) C. DC.

2021

492

Meliaceae

Lepidotrichilia volkensii

Tree

   

(Gürke) Leroy

2021

493

Meliaceae

Trichilia emetica

Tree

   

Vahl

1960s-1990s

494

Meliaceae

Turraea holstii

Tree

   

Gürke

2021

495

Meliaceae

Turraea mombassana

Tree

   

DC

1960s-1990s

496

Melianthaceae

Bersama abyssinica

Tree

   

Fres

1960s-1990s

497

Menispermacea

Cissampelos pareira

Herb

   

L

1960s-1990s

498

Menispermacea

Stephania abyssinica

Tree

   

Dillon & A.Rich

1960s-1990s

499

Mimosaceae

Vachellia robusta

Tree

   

(Burch.) Kyal. & Boatwr.

1960s-1990s

500

Mimosoideae

Albizia amara

Tree

   

(Roxb.) Boivin

2021

501

Mimosoideae

Albizia anthelmintica

Tree

   

Brongn.

1960s-1990s

502

Mimosoideae

Albizia gummifera

Tree

   

(J.F Gmel) A.R.Sm

1960s-1990s

503

Mimosoideae

Albizia harveyi

Tree

   

Fourn

1960s-1990s

504

Mimosoideae

Albizia lebbeck

Tree

   

(L.) Benth

1960s-1990s

505

Mimosoideae

Albizia versicolor

Tree

   

Welw. Ex. Oliv

1960s-1990s

506

Mimosoideae

Dichrostachys cinerea

Tree

   

(L.) Wight & Arn.

2021

507

Mimosoideae

Entada rheedei subsp. rheedei

liana

   

DC.

1960s-1990s

508

Mimosoideae

Mimosa pigra

Tree

   

L.

1960s-1990s

509

Mimosoideae

Newtonia buchananii

Tree

   

(Bak) Gilg.

1960s-1990s

510

Mimosoideae

Parkia filicoidea

Tree

   

Welw. ex Oliv.

2021

511

Mimosoideae

Senegalia brevispica

Tree

   

(Harms) Seigler & Ebinger

1960s-1990s

512

Mimosoideae

Senegalia mellifera

Tree

   

(Vahl) Seigler & Ebinger

1960s-1990s

513

Mimosoideae

Senegalia nigrescens

Tree

   

(Oliv.) P.J.H.Hurter

1960s-1990s

514

Mimosoideae

Senegalia polyacantha

Tree

   

(Willd.) Seigler & Ebinger

2021

515

Mimosoideae

Senegalia senegal

Tree

   

(L.) Britton

1960s-1990s

516

Mimosoideae

Vachellia abyssinica

Tree

   

(Hochst. ex Benth.) Kyal. & Boatwr.

2021

517

Mimosoideae

Vachellia drepanolobium

Tree

   

(Harms ex Y.Sjöstedt) P.J.H.Hurter

1960s-1990s

518

Mimosoideae

Vachellia hockii

Tree

   

(De Wild.) Seigler & Ebinger

1960s-1990s

519

Mimosoideae

Vachellia nilotica

Tree

   

(L.) P.J.H.Hurter & Mabb.

1960s-1990s

520

Mimosoideae

Vachellia sieberiana

Tree

   

(DC.) Kyal. & Boatwr.

1960s-1990s

521

Mimosoideae

Vachellia stuhlmannii

Tree

   

(Taub.) Kyal. & Boatwr.

1960s-1990s

522

Mimosoideae

Xylia Africana

Tree

EN

Tanzania

Harms

2021

523

Mimosoideae

Vachellia xanthophloea

Tree

   

(Benth.) Banfi & Galasso

1960s-1990s

524

Montiniaceae

Grevea eggelingii

Tree

   

Milne - Redhead

1960s-1990s

525

Moraceae

Antiaris toxicaria

Tree

   

(Pers.) Lesch.

2021

526

Moraceae

Ficus cordata

Tree

   

Thunb.

2021

527

Moraceae

Ficus craterostoma

Tree

   

Warb. ex Mildbr. & Burret

2021

528

Moraceae

Ficus mucuso

Tree

   

Ficalho

1960s-1990s

529

Moraceae

Ficus platyphylla

Tree

   

Del

1960s-1990s

530

Moraceae

Ficus sansibarica

Tree

   

Warb.

1960s-1990s

531

Moraceae

Ficus sur

Tree

   

Forssk.

1960s-1990s

532

Moraceae

Ficus sycomorus

Tree

   

L.

2021

533

Moraceae

Milicia excelsa

Tree

NT

 

(Welw.) G,C. Berg

1960s-1990s

534

Moraceae

Myrianthus holstii

Tree

   

Engl

1960s-1990s

535

Musaceae

Ensete ventricosum

Herb

   

(Welw.) Cheesman

2021

536

Myrtaceae

Syzygium cordatum

Tree

   

Hochst.

1960s-1990s

537

Myrtaceae

Syzygium cumini

Tree

   

(L.) Skeels

2021

538

Myrtaceae

Syzygium guineense

Tree

   

(Willd.) DC

1960s-1990s

539

Nyctaginaceae

Boerhavia coccinea

Herb

   

Mill

1960s-1990s

540

Nyctaginaceae

Boerhavia diffusa

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

541

Nymphaeaceae

Nymphaea lotus

Herb

   

L

1960s-1990s

542

Ochnaceae

Ochna atropurpurea

Tree

   

DC.

2021

543

Ochnaceae

Ochna holstii

Tree

   

Engl

1960s-1990s

544

Ochnaceae

Ochna macrocalyx

Tree

   

Oliv.

2021

545

Ochnaceae

Ochna schweinfurthiana

Tree

   

F.Hoffin

1960s-1990s

546

Olacaceae

Strombosia scheffleri

Tree

   

Engl

1960s-1990s

547

Oleaceae

Jasminum fluminense

Tree

   

Vell

1960s-1990s

548

Oleaceae

Noronhia mildbraedii

Climber

 

(Gilg & G.Schellenb.) Hong-Wa & Besnard

1960s-1990s

549

Oleaceae

Schrebera trichoclada

Shrub

   

Welw.

1960s-1990s

550

Onagraceae

Ludwigia adscendens subsp. diffusa

Herb

   

(Forssk.) P. H. Raven

1960s-1990s

551

Onagraceae

Ludwigia jussiaeoides

Herb

   

Desr.

1960s-1990s

552

Onagraceae

Ludwigia perennis

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

553

Orchidaceae

Bulbophyllum intertextum

Herb

   

Lindl.

2021

554

Orchidaceae

Eulophia speciosa

Herb

   

(R.Br.) Bolus

1960s-1990s

555

Oxalidaceae

Biophytum umbraculum

Herb

   

Welw.

1960s-1990s

556

Orchidaceae

Polystachya isochiloides

Herb

EN

 

Summerh.

1960s-1990s

557

Oxalidaceae

Oxalis corniculata

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

558

Palmae

Borassus aethiopum

Herb

   

Mart.

1960s-1990s

559

Palmae

Hyphaene petersiana

Herb

   

Klotzsch ex Mart.

1960s-1990s

560

Palmae

Phoenix reclinata

Herb

   

Jacq.

1960s-1990s

561

Palmae

Urochloa trichopus

Herb

   

(Hochst.) Stapf

1960s-1990s

562

Fabaceae

Abrus fruticulosus

Herb

   

Wall. ex Wight & Arn.

1960s-1990s

563

Fabaceae

Adenodolichos punctatus

Herb

   

(Micheli) Harms

1960s-1990s

564

Fabaceae

Aeschynomene indica

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

565

Fabaceae

Aganope stuhlmannii

Herb

   

(Taub.) Adema

1960s-1990s

566

Fabaceae

Alysicarpus glumaceus

Herb

   

(Vahl) DC.

1960s-1990s

567

Fabaceae

Aeschynomene mossoensis

Herb

   

J.Léonard

1960s-1990s

568

Fabaceae

Alysicarpus rugosus

Herb

   

J. Leon

1960s-1990s

569

Fabaceae

Clitoria ternatea

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

570

Fabaceae

Crotalaria agatiflora

Herb

   

Schweinf.

1960s-1990s

571

Fabaceae

Crotalaria barkae

Herb

   

Schweinf.

1960s-1990s

572

Fabaceae

Crotalaria bernieri

Herb

   

Baill.

1960s-1990s

573

Fabaceae

Crotalaria brevidens

Herb

   

Benth (KI)

1960s-1990s

574

Fabaceae

Crotalaria calycina

Herb

   

Schrank

1960s-1990s

575

Fabaceae

Crotalaria cephalotes

Herb

   

Steud. ex A.Rich.

1960s-1990s

576

Fabaceae

Crotalaria goodiiformis

Herb

   

Vatke

1960s-1990s

577

Fabaceae

Crotalaria laburnifolia

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

578

Fabaceae

Crotalaria lanceolata

Herb

   

E. Mey

1960s-1990s

579

Fabaceae

Crotalaria pterocalyx

Herb

   

Harms

1960s-1990s

580

Fabaceae

Crotalaria spinosa

Herb

   

Benth

1960s-1990s

581

Fabaceae

Crotalaria vasculosa

Herb

   

Wall. ex Benth.

1960s-1990s

582

Fabaceae

Dalbergia armata

Herb

   

E.Mey.

2021

583

Fabaceae

Dalbergia boehmii

Herb

   

Taub.

1960s-1990s

584

Fabaceae

Dalbergia lactea

Herb

   

Vatke

1960s-1990s

585

Fabaceae

Dalbergia nitidula

Herb

   

Welw. ex Baker

2021

586

Fabaceae

Desmodium tortuosum

Herb

   

(Sw.) DC.

1960s-1990s

587

Fabaceae

Dolichos trilobus

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

588

Fabaceae

Dalbergia melanoxylon

Herb

NT

 

Guill & Perr

1960s-1990s

589

Fabaceae

Grona barbata

Herb

   

(L.) H.Ohashi & K.Ohashi

1960s-1990s

590

Fabaceae

Hylodesmum repandum

Herb

   

(Vahl) H.Ohashi & R.R.Mill

2021

591

Fabaceae

Indigofera colutea

Herb

   

(Burm.f.) Merr.

1960s-1990s

592

Fabaceae

Indigofera demissa

Herb

   

Taub.

1960s-1990s

593

Fabaceae

Indigofera dendroides

Herb

   

Jacq.

1960s-1990s

594

Fabaceae

Indigofera drepanocarpa

Herb

   

Taub.

1960s-1990s

595

Fabaceae

Indigofera dyeri

Herb

   

Britten

1960s-1990s

596

Fabaceae

Indigofera hirsuta

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

597

Fabaceae

Indigofera rhynchocarpa

Herb

   

Welw. ex Baker

2021

598

Fabaceae

Indigofera secundiflora

Herb

   

Poir.

1960s-1990s

599

Fabaceae

Indigofera sisalis

Herb

   

J.B.Gillett

1960s-1990s

600

Fabaceae

Indigofera spicata

Herb

   

Forssk.

1960s-1990s

601

Fabaceae

Lonchocarpus capassa

Herb

   

Rolfe

1960s-1990s

602

Fabaceae

Macrotyloma axillare

Herb

   

(E.Mey.) Verdc.

1960s-1990s

603

Fabaceae

Millettia usaramensis

Herb

   

Taub.

1960s-1990s

604

Fabaceae

Mucuna pruriens

Herb

   

(L.) DC.

1960s-1990s

605

Fabaceae

Neorautanenia mitis

Herb

   

(A.Rich.) Verdc.

1960s-1990s

606

Fabaceae

Ormocarpum trichocarpum

Herb

   

(Taub.) Engl.

2021

607

Fabaceae

Pericopsis angolensis

Herb

   

(Bak) Van Meenwen

1960s-1990s

608

Fabaceae

Philenoptera bussei

Herb

   

(Harms) Schrire

1960s-1990s

609

Fabaceae

Philenoptera eriocalyx

Herb

   

(Harms) Schrire

2021

610

Fabaceae

Pleurolobus gangeticus

Herb

   

(L.) J.St.-Hil. ex H.Ohashi & K.Ohashi

1960s-1990s

611

Fabaceae

Pseudarthria hookeri

Herb

   

Wight & Arn.

2021

612

Fabaceae

Psophocarpus scandens

Herb

   

(Endl.) Verdc.

1960s-1990s

613

Fabaceae

Pterocarpus angolensis

Herb

   

DC.

1960s-1990s

614

Fabaceae

Pterocarpus rotundifolius

Herb

   

(Sond.) Druce

1960s-1990s

615

Fabaceae

Pterocarpus tinctorius

Herb

   

Welw.

2021

616

Fabaceae

Rhynchosia albissima

Herb

   

Gand.

1960s-1990s

617

Fabaceae

Rhynchosia micrantha

Herb

   

Harms

1960s-1990s

618

Fabaceae

Rhynchosia minima

Herb

   

(L.) DC.

1960s-1990s

619

Fabaceae

Rhynchosia resinosa

Herb

   

(Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Baker

1960s-1990s

620

Fabaceae

Rhynchosia sublobata

Herb

   

(Schumach.) Meikle

1960s-1990s

621

Fabaceae

Rhynchosia usambarensis

Herb

   

Taub.

1960s-1990s

622

Fabaceae

Rhynchosia villosa

Herb

   

(Meisn.) Druce

2021

623

Fabaceae

Rhynchosia viscosa

Herb

   

DC.

1960s-1990s

624

Fabaceae

Sesbania greenwayi

Herb

   

Gillet

1960s-1990s

625

Fabaceae

Tephrosia pumila

Herb

   

(Lam.) Pers.

1960s-1990s

626

Fabaceae

Tephrosia purpurea

Herb

   

(L.) Pers.

1960s-1990s

627

Fabaceae

Tephrosia stormsii

Herb

   

De Willd.

1960s-1990s

628

Fabaceae

Tephrosia uniflora

Herb

   

Pers.

1960s-1990s

629

Fabaceae

Tephrosia villosa

Herb

   

(L.) Pers.

1960s-1990s

630

Fabaceae

Teramnus labialis

Herb

   

(L.f.) Spreng.

1960s-1990s

631

Fabaceae

Teramnus uncinatus

Herb

   

(L.) Sweet.

1960s-1990s

632

Fabaceae

Trichocladus crinitus

Herb

   

(Thunb.) Pers.

2021

633

Fabaceae

Uraria picta

Herb

   

(Jacq.) Desv. ex DC.

1960s-1990s

634

Fabaceae

Vigna friesiorum

Herb

   

Harms

1960s-1990s

635

Fabaceae

Vigna unguiculata subsp. pubescens

Herb

   

(R.Wilczek) Pasquet

1960s-1990s

636

Fabaceae

Vigna vexillata

Herb

   

(L.) A.Rich.

1960s-1990s

637

Fabaceae

Zornia glochidiata

Herb

   

Rchb. ex DC.

1960s-1990s

638

Passifloraceae

Basananthe hanningtoniana

Herb

   

(Mast.) J. J. de Wilde

1960s-1990s

639

Passifloraceae

Schlechterina mitostemmatoides

Shrub

   

Harms

1960s-1990s

640

Pedaliaceae

Sesamum angolense

Herb

   

Welw.

1960s-1990s

641

Pedaliaceae

Sesamum angustifolium

Herb

   

(Oliv.) Engl.

1960s-1990s

642

Phyllanthaceae

Phyllanthus reticulatus

Tree

   

Poir.

2021

643

Piperaceae

Piper capense

Shrub

   

L. fil.

1960s-1990s

644

Piperaceae

Piper umbellatum

Shrub

   

L.

1960s-1990s

645

Plumbaginaceae

Plumbago zeylanica

Shrub

   

L.

1960s-1990s

646

Poaceae

Andropogon gayanus

Grass

 

Kunth.

1960s-1990s

647

Poaceae

Andropogon schirensis

Grass

 

Hochst. ex A.Rich.

1960s-1990s

648

Poaceae

Aristida adscensionis

Grass

 

L.

1960s-1990s

649

Poaceae

Aristida hordeacea

Grass

 

Kunth.

1960s-1990s

650

Poaceae

Bothriochloa bladhii

Grass

 

(Retz.) S.T.Blake

1960s-1990s

651

Poaceae

Bothriochloa insculpta

Grass

 

(Hochst. ex A.Rich.) A.Camus

1960s-1990s

652

Poaceae

Bothriochloa radicans

Grass

 

(Lehm.) A.Camus

1960s-1990s

653

Poaceae

Cenchrus purpureus

Grass

 

(Schumach.) Morrone

2021

654

Poaceae

Cenchrus ramosus

Grass

 

(Hochst.) Morrone

1960s-1990s

655

Poaceae

Cenchrus unisetus

Grass

 

(Nees) Morrone

1960s-1990s

656

Poaceae

Chloris gayana

Grass

 

Kunth.

1960s-1990s

657

Poaceae

Chloris pycnothrix

Grass

 

Trin.

1960s-1990s

658

Poaceae

Chloris virgata

Grass

 

Sw.

1960s-1990s

659

Poaceae

Cleistachne sorghoides

Grass

 

Benth.

1960s-1990s

660

Poaceae

Cymbopogon giganteus

Grass

 

Chiov.

1960s-1990s

661

Poaceae

Cynodon dactylon

Grass

 

(L.) Pers.

2021

662

Poaceae

Cynodon nlemfuensis

Grass

 

Vanderyst

1960s-1990s

663

Poaceae

Dactyloctenium aegyptium

Grass

 

(L.) Willd.

1960s-1990s

664

Poaceae

Dactyloctenium giganteum

Grass

 

B.S.Fisher & Schweick.

1960s-1990s

665

Poaceae

Dichanthium annulatum

Grass

 

(Forssk.) Stapf

1960s-1990s

666

Poaceae

Dichanthium aristatum

Grass

 

(Poir) C.E. Hubbard

1960s-1990s

667

Poaceae

Diectomis fastigiata

Grass

 

(Sw.) P.Beauv.

1960s-1990s

668

Poaceae

Digitaria ciliaris

Grass

 

(Retz) Koel

1960s-1990s

669

Poaceae

Digitaria horizontalis

Grass

 

Willd

1960s-1990s

670

Poaceae

Digitaria milanjiana

Grass

 

(Rendle) Stapf

1960s-1990s

671

Poaceae

Digitaria ternata

Grass

 

(A.Rich.) Stapf

1960s-1990s

672

Poaceae

Digitaria velutina

Grass

 

(Forssk.) R. Beauv.

1960s-1990s

673

Poaceae

Diheteropogon amplectens

Grass

 

(Nees) W.D. Clayton .var

1960s-1990s

674

Poaceae

Disakisperma obtusiflorum

Grass

 

(Hochst.) P.M.Peterson & N.Snow

1960s-1990s

675

Poaceae

Echinochloa haploclada

Grass

 

(Stapf) Stapf

1960s-1990s

676

Poaceae

Echinochloa stagnina

Grass

 

(Retz.) P.Beauv.

1960s-1990s

677

Poaceae

Echinochloa ugandensis

Grass

 

Snowden

1960s-1990s

678

Poaceae

Eleusine africana

Grass

 

Kennedy - O' Bryne

1960s-1990s

679

Poaceae

Eleusine coracana

Grass

 

Gaertn

1960s-1990s

680

Poaceae

Eleusine indica

Grass

 

(L.) Gaertn.

1960s-1990s

681

Poaceae

Elymandra grallata

Grass

 

(Stapf) W.D. Clayton

1960s-1990s

682

Poaceae

Enteropogon macrostachyus

Grass

 

(A.Rich.) Benth.

1960s-1990s

683

Poaceae

Enteropogon sechellensis

Grass

 

(Baker) Th.Dur. & Schinz

1960s-1990s

684

Poaceae

Eragrostis aethiopica

Grass

 

Chiov.

1960s-1990s

685

Poaceae

Eragrostis aspera

Grass

 

(Jacq.) Nees

1960s-1990s

686

Poaceae

Eragrostis cilianensis

Grass

 

(All.) Vignolo ex Janch.

1960s-1990s

687

Poaceae

Eragrostis ciliaris

Grass

 

(L.) R. Br.

1960s-1990s

688

Poaceae

Eragrostis cylindriflora

Grass

 

Hochst.

1960s-1990s

689

Poaceae

Eragrostis lappula

Grass

 

Nees

1960s-1990s

690

Poaceae

Eragrostis minor

Grass

 

Hochst.

1960s-1990s

691

Poaceae

Eragrostis pilosa

Grass

 

(L.) P. Beauv.

1960s-1990s

692

Poaceae

Eragrostis superba

Grass

 

Peyr.

1960s-1990s

693

Poaceae

Eragrostis tenella

Grass

 

(L.) Roem. & Schult.

1960s-1990s

694

Poaceae

Eragrostis tenuifolia

Grass

 

(A.Rich) Steud

1960s-1990s

695

Poaceae

Eriochloa barbatus

Grass

 

(Trin.) S.Yadav & M.R.Almeida

1960s-1990s

696

Poaceae

Eriochloa meyeriana

Grass

 

(Nees) Pilg.

1960s-1990s

697

Poaceae

Euclasta condylotricha

Grass

 

(Hochst. ex Steud.) Stapf

1960s-1990s

698

Poaceae

Hackelochloa granularis

Grass

 

(L.) Kuntze

1960s-1990s

699

Poaceae

Heteropogon contortus

Grass

 

(L.) Roem. & Schult.

1960s-1990s

700

Poaceae

Hyparrhenia collina

Grass

 

(Pilg.) Stapf

2021

701

Poaceae

Hyparrhenia cymbaria

Grass

 

(L.) Stapf

2021

702

Poaceae

Hyparrhenia filipendula

Grass

 

(Hochst.) Stapf

1960s-1990s

703

Poaceae

Hyparrhenia finitima

Grass

 

(Hotchst.) Stapf

1960s-1990s

704

Poaceae

Hyparrhenia nyassae

Grass

 

(Rendle) Stapf

2021

705

Poaceae

Hyparrhenia rufa

Grass

 

(Hotchst.) Stapf

1960s-1990s

706

Poaceae

Hyperthelia dissoluta

Grass

 

(Steud.) W.D.Clayton

1960s-1990s

707

Poaceae

Leersia hexandra

Grass

 

Sw.

1960s-1990s

708

Poaceae

Leptaspis zeylanica

Grass

 

Nees ex Steud.

2021

709

Poaceae

Leptochloa panicea

Grass

 

(Retz.) Ohwi

1960s-1990s

710

Poaceae

Loudetia simplex

Grass

 

(Nees) C.E.Hubbard

1960s-1990s

711

Poaceae

Megathyrsus infestus

Grass

 

(Andersson) B.K.Simon & S.W.L.Jacobs

1960s-1990s

712

Poaceae

Megathyrsus maximus

Grass

 

(Jacq.) B.K.Simon & S.W.L.Jacobs

1960s-1990s

713

Poaceae

Melinis repens

Grass

 

(Willd.) Zizka

1960s-1990s

714

Poaceae

Moorochloa eruciformis

Grass

 

(Sm.) Veldkamp

1960s-1990s

715

Poaceae

Olyra latifolia

Grass

 

L.

2021

716

Poaceae

Oplismenus compositus

Grass

 

(L) Beauv

1960s-1990s

717

Poaceae

Oplismenus hirtellus

Grass

 

(L.) P. Beauv.

1960s-1990s

718

Poaceae

Oryza eichingeri

Grass

 

Peter

1960s-1990s

719

Poaceae

Oryza punctata

Grass

 

Steud.

1960s-1990s

720

Poaceae

Panicum atrosanguineum

Grass

 

A.Rich.

1960s-1990s

721

Poaceae

Panicum coloratum

Grass

 

L.

1960s-1990s

722

Poaceae

Panicum comorense

Grass

 

Mez.

1960s-1990s

723

Poaceae

Panicum deustum

Grass

 

Thunb

1960s-1990s

724

Poaceae

Panicum laticomum

Grass

 

Nees

1960s-1990s

725

Poaceae

Panicum massaiense

Grass

 

Stapf

1960s-1990s

726

Poaceae

Panicum pansum

Grass

 

Rendle

1960s-1990s

727

Poaceae

Panicum poioides

Grass

 

Stapf

1960s-1990s

728

Poaceae

Panicum porphyrrhizos

Grass

 

Steud.

1960s-1990s

729

Poaceae

Panicum trichocladum

Grass

 

Hack. ex K.Schum.

1960s-1990s

730

Poaceae

Paspalum scrobiculatum

Grass

 

L.

1960s-1990s

731

Poaceae

Perotis patens

Grass

 

Gand

1960s-1990s

732

Poaceae

Phragmites mauritianus

Grass

 

Kunth.

1960s-1990s

733

Poaceae

Phyllorachis sagittata

Grass

 

Trimen

1960s-1990s

734

Poaceae

Rhynchelytrum repens

Grass

 

(Willd.) C.E.Hubb.

1960s-1990s

735

Poaceae

Rottboellia cochinchinensis

Grass

 

(Lour.) Clayton

1960s-1990s

736

Poaceae

Sacciolepis africana

Grass

 

C.E.Hubbard

1960s-1990s

737

Poaceae

Sacciolepis myosuroides

Grass

 

(R.Br.) Chase ex E.G.Camus & A.Camus

1960s-1990s

738

Poaceae

Sarga versicolor

Grass

 

(Andersson) Spangler

1960s-1990s

739

Poaceae

Schizachyrium brevifolium

Grass

 

(Sw.) Nees.

1960s-1990s

740

Poaceae

Setaria homonyma

Grass

 

(Steud) Chiov.

1960s-1990s

741

Poaceae

Setaria incrassata

Grass

 

(Hochst.) Hack.

1960s-1990s

742

Poaceae

Setaria longiseta

Grass

 

P.Beauv

1960s-1990s

743

Poaceae

Setaria megaphylla

Grass

 

(Steud.) T.Durand & Schinz

2021

744

Poaceae

Setaria pallide

Grass

 

fusca (K.Schum)Stapf & Hubbard

1960s-1990s

745

Poaceae

Setaria parviflora

Grass

 

(Poir.) Kerguélen

1960s-1990s

746

Poaceae

Setaria pumila

Grass

 

(Poir) Roem and Schult.

1960s-1990s

747

Poaceae

Setaria sagittifolia

Grass

 

(A.Rich.) Walp.

1960s-1990s

748

Poaceae

Setaria sphacelata

Grass

 

(K.Schum.) Moss

1960s-1990s

749

Poaceae

Setaria verticillata

Grass

 

(L.) P.Beauv.

1960s-1990s

750

Poaceae

Sorghastrum incompletum var. africanum

Grass

 

(Franch.) ined.

1960s-1990s

751

Poaceae

Sorghastrum stipoides

Grass

 

(Kunth) Nash

1960s-1990s

752

Poaceae

Sorghum arundinaceum

Grass

 

(Desv.) Stapf.

1960s-1990s

753

Poaceae

Sporobolus festivus

Grass

 

Hochst.

1960s-1990s

754

Poaceae

Sporobolus fimbriatus

Grass

 

Nees

1960s-1990s

755

Poaceae

Sporobolus helvolus

Grass

 

(Trin) Durand

1960s-1990s

756

Poaceae

Sporobolus ioclados

Grass

 

(Trin) Nees

1960s-1990s

757

Poaceae

Sporobolus pyramidalis

Grass

 

Beauv

1960s-1990s

758

Poaceae

Sporobolus tenuissimus

Grass

 

(K.Schum) Kuntze

1960s-1990s

759

Poaceae

Thelepogon elegans

Grass

 

Roth

1960s-1990s

760

Poaceae

Themeda triandra

Grass

 

Forssk

1960s-1990s

761

Poaceae

Tragus berteronianus

Grass

 

Schult

1960s-1990s

762

Poaceae

Tragus heptaneuron

Grass

 

W.D.Clayton

1960s-1990s

763

Poaceae

Trigonochloa uniflora

Grass

 

(Hochst. ex A.Rich.) P.M.Peterson & N.Snow

1960s-1990s

764

Poaceae

Urochloa brizantha

Grass

 

(A.Rich.) R.D.Webster

1960s-1990s

765

Poaceae

Urochloa deflexa

Grass

 

(Schumach.) H.Scholz

1960s-1990s

766

Poaceae

Urochloa reptans

Grass

 

(L.) Stapf

1960s-1990s

767

Poaceae

Urochloa xantholeuca var. xantholeuca

Grass

 

Stapf

1960s-1990s

768

Polygalaceae

Polygala albida

Herb

   

Schinz

1960s-1990s

769

Polygalaceae

Polygala erioptera

Herb

   

DC

1960s-1990s

770

Polygalaceae

Polygala kilimandjarica

Herb

   

Chodat

1960s-1990s

771

Polygalaceae

Polygala macrostigma

Herb

   

Chodat

1960s-1990s

772

Polygalaceae

Polygala sphenoptera

Herb

   

Fresen.

1960s-1990s

773

Polygonaceae

Oxygonum sinuatum

Herb

   

(Hochst. & Steud. ex Meisn.) Damm.

1960s-1990s

774

Polygonaceae

Persicaria amphibia

Herb

   

(L.) Gray

1960s-1990s

775

Portulacaceae

Portulaca oleracea

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

776

Portulacaceae

Portulaca quadrifida

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

777

Portulacaceae

Talinum caffrum

Herb

   

(Thunb.) Eckl. & Zeyh.

1960s-1990s

778

Portulacaceae

Talinum portulacifolium

Herb

   

(Forssk.) Shweinf

1960s-1990s

779

Proteaceae

Faurea rochetiana

Herb

   

(A. Rich.) Chiov. ex Pic. Serm.

2021

780

Pteridaceae

Pteris catoptera

Herb

   

Kunze

2021

781

Putranjivaceae

Drypetes natalensis

Tree

   

(Harv.) Hutch.

2021

782

Rhamnaceae

Berchemia discolor

Tree

   

(Klotzsch) Hemsl.

1960s-1990s

783

Rhamnaceae

Helinus integrifolius

Tree

   

(Lam) Kuntze

1960s-1990s

784

Rhamnaceae

Lasiodiscus usambarensis

Tree

   

Engl.

2021

785

Rhamnaceae

Ziziphus mucronata

Tree

   

Willd

1960s-1990s

786

Rhamnaceae

Ziziphus pubescens

Tree

   

Oliv

1960s-1990s

787

Rubiaceae

Afrocanthium burttii

Tree

   

(Bullock) Lantz

2021

788

Rubiaceae

Aidia micrantha

Tree

   

(K.Schum.) Bullock ex F.White

2021

789

Rubiaceae

Breonadia salicina

Tree

   

(Vahl) H. & Wood

1960s-1990s

790

Rubiaceae

Bullockia setiflora

Tree

   

(Hiern) Razafim., Lantz & B.Bremer

1960s-1990s

791

Rubiaceae

Catunaregam nilotica

Tree

   

(Stapf) Tirveng.

1960s-1990s

792

Rubiaceae

Catunaregam spinosa

Tree

   

(Thunb.) Tirveng.

2021

793

Rubiaceae

Chassalia discolor

Tree

   

K.Schum

1960s-1990s

794

Rubiaceae

Coffea mufindiensis

Tree

   

Hutch. ex Bridson

2021

795

Rubiaceae

Cordylostigma longifolium

Tree

   

(Klotzsch) Groeninckx & Dessein

1960s-1990s

796

Rubiaceae

Cordylostigma obtusilobum

Tree

   

(Hiern) Groeninckx & Dessein

1960s-1990s

797

Rubiaceae

Cordylostigma virgatum

Tree

   

(Willd.) Groeninckx & Dessein

1960s-1990s

798

Rubiaceae

Coffea bridsoniae

Tree

EN

Tanzania

A.P.Davis & Mvungi

2021

799

Rubiaceae

Cremaspora triflora

Tree

   

(Thonn.) K.Schum.

2021

800

Rubiaceae

Coffea kihansiensis

Tree

CR

Tanzania

A.P.Davis & Mvungi

2021

801

Rubiaceae

Crossopteryx febrifuga

Tree

   

(Afzel. ex G.Don) Benth.

1960s-1990s

802

Rubiaceae

Gardenia volkensii

Tree

   

K.Schum.

2021

803

Rubiaceae

Coffea pseudozanguebariae

Tree

NT

Kenya and Tanzania

Bridson

2021

804

Rubiaceae

Heinsia crinita

Tree

   

(Wennberg) G.Taylor

1960s-1990s

805

Rubiaceae

Keetia gueinzii

Tree

   

(Sond) Bridson

1960s-1990s

806

Rubiaceae

Keetia venosa

Tree

   

(Oliv) Bridson

1960s-1990s

807

Rubiaceae

Keetia zanzibarica

Tree

   

(KI) Bridson

1960s-1990s

808

Rubiaceae

Leptactina platyphylla

Tree

   

(Hiern) Wernham

1960s-1990s

809

Rubiaceae

Meyna tetraphylla

Tree

   

(Schweinf. ex Hiern) Robyns

1960s-1990s

810

Rubiaceae

Didymosalpinx norae

Tree

NT

 

(Swynn.) Keay

2021

811

Rubiaceae

Oldenlandia affinis

Tree

   

(Roem & Schult) DC

1960s-1990s

812

Rubiaceae

Empogona ovalifolia

Tree

   

(Hiern) Tosh & Robbr.

2021

813

Rubiaceae

Oldenlandia corymbosa

Tree

   

L.

1960s-1990s

814

Rubiaceae

Oldenlandia fastigiata

Tree

   

Bremek

1960s-1990s

815

Rubiaceae

Oldenlandia herbacea

Tree

   

(L) Roxb

1960s-1990s

816

Rubiaceae

Oxyanthus pyriformis

Tree

   

(Hochst) Skeels

1960s-1990s

817

Rubiaceae

Pauridiantha paucinervis

Tree

   

(Hiern)Bremek (K.Schum)

1960s-1990s

818

Rubiaceae

Pavetta arbetina

Tree

     

1960s-1990s

819

Rubiaceae

Pavetta fascifolia

Tree

   

Bremek.

1960s-1990s

820

Rubiaceae

Pavetta oliveriana

Tree

   

Hiern

1960s-1990s

821

Rubiaceae

Mussaenda monticola

Tree

VU

 

K. Krause

1960s-1990s

822

Rubiaceae

Pavetta refractifolia

Tree

   

K.Schum

1960s-1990s

823

Rubiaceae

Pavetta schumanniana

Tree

   

F.Hoffm. ex K.Schum.

1960s-1990s

824

Rubiaceae

Pavetta subcana

Tree

   

Hiern

1960s-1990s

825

Rubiaceae

Phellocalyx vollesenii

Tree

   

Bridson

1960s-1990s

826

Rubiaceae

Polysphaeria dischistocalyx

Tree

   

Brenan

1960s-1990s

827

Rubiaceae

Polysphaeria lanceolata

Tree

   

Hiern

1960s-1990s

828

Rubiaceae

Polysphaeria lanceolata subsp. lanceolata

Tree

   

Hiern

1960s-1990s

829

Rubiaceae

Polysphaeria multiflora

Tree

   

Hiern

2021

830

Rubiaceae

Psychotria capensis

Tree

   

(Eckl.) Vatke

2021

831

Rubiaceae

Psychotria castaneifolia

Tree

   

E.M.A.Petit

2021

832

Rubiaceae

Psychotria lauracea

Tree

   

(K.Schum.) E.M.A.Petit

1960s-1990s

833

Rubiaceae

Psychotria mahonii

Tree

   

C.H.Wright

2021

834

Rubiaceae

Psychotria pumila

Tree

   

Hiern

1960s-1990s

835

Rubiaceae

Psychotria schliebenii

Tree

   

E.M.A.Petit

2021

836

Rubiaceae

Polysphaeria braunii

Tree

VU

Tanzania

K. Krause

1960s-1990s

837

Rubiaceae

Rhodopentas bussei

Tree

   

(K.Krause) Kårehed & B.Bremer

1960s-1990s

838

Rubiaceae

Rhodopentas parvifolia

Tree

   

(Hiern) Kårehed & B.Bremer

1960s-1990s

839

Rubiaceae

Rothmannia engleriana

Tree

   

(K.Schum.) Keay

2021

840

Rubiaceae

Rothmannia manganjae

Tree

   

(Hiern) Keay

2021

841

Rubiaceae

Rytigynia celastroides

Tree

   

(Baill.) Verdc.

1960s-1990s

842

Rubiaceae

Rytigynia uhligii

Tree

   

(K.Schum. & K.Krause) Verdc.

2021

843

Rubiaceae

Spermacoce chaetocephala

Tree

   

DC

1960s-1990s

844

Rubiaceae

Spermacoce dibrachiata

Tree

   

Oliv

1960s-1990s

845

Rubiaceae

Spermacoce pusilla

Tree

   

Wall

1960s-1990s

846

Rubiaceae

Spermacoce sphaerostigma

Tree

   

(A.Rich.) Oliv.

1960s-1990s

847

Rubiaceae

Spermacoce subvulgata

Tree

   

(K.Schum) Garcia

1960s-1990s

848

Rubiaceae

Tarenna pavettoides

Tree

   

(Harv.) Sim

2021

849

Rubiaceae

Uncaria africana

Tree

   

G.Don

2021

850

Rubiaceae

Vangueria burnettii

Tree

   

(Tennant) Lantz

1960s-1990s

851

Rubiaceae

Vangueria infausta

Tree

   

Burch

1960s-1990s

852

Rubiaceae

Vangueria madagascariensis

Tree

   

J.F.Gmel.

2021

853

Rutaceae

Clausena anisata

Tree

   

(Willd.) Hook. fil.

1960s-1990s

854

Rutaceae

Vepris nobilis

Tree

   

(Delile) Mziray

1960s-1990s

855

Rutaceae

Vepris simplicifolia

Tree

   

(I. Verd.) Mziray

1960s-1990s

856

Rutaceae

Zanthoxylum asiaticum

Tree

   

(L.) Appelhans, Groppo & J. Wen

1960s-1990s

857

Rutaceae

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

Tree

   

Engl

1960s-1990s

858

Salvadoraceae

Salvadora persica

Tree

   

L.

1960s-1990s

859

Sapindaceae

Allophylus africanus

Tree

   

P. Beauv.

2021

860

Sapindaceae

Allophylus rubifolius

Tree

   

(Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Engl.

1960s-1990s

861

Sapindaceae

Allophylus rubifolius var. dasystachys

Tree

   

(Gilg) Verdc.

1960s-1990s

862

Sapindaceae

Deinbollia borbonica

Tree

   

Scheff.

2021

863

Sapindaceae

Deinbollia kilimandscharica

Tree

   

Taub

1960s-1990s

864

Sapindaceae

Haplocoelum inoploeum

Tree

   

Radlk.

1960s-1990s

865

Sapindaceae

Lecaniodiscus fraxinifolius

Tree

   

Baker

2021

866

Sapindaceae

Majidea zanguebarica

Tree

   

J. Kirk

2021

867

Sapindaceae

Pancovia golungensis

Tree

   

(Hiern) Exell & Mendonça

2021

868

Sapindaceae

Paullinia pinnata

Tree

   

L.

2021

869

Sapotaceae

Aningeria adolfi - friedericii

Tree

   

(Engl) Robyns & Gilbert

1960s-1990s

870

Sapotaceae

Gambeya gorungosana

Tree

   

(Engl.) Liben

1960s-1990s

871

Sapotaceae

Manilkara mochisia

Tree

   

(Baill) Dubard

1960s-1990s

872

Sapotaceae

Mimusops zeyheri

Tree

   

Sond.

1960s-1990s

873

Sapotaceae

Synsepalum cerasiferum

Tree

   

(Welw.) T.D.Penn.

1960s-1990s

874

Scrophulariaceae

Artanema longifolium

Herb

   

(L.) Vatke

1960s-1990s

875

Scrophulariaceae

Bacopa floribunda

Herb

   

(R.Br) Wettst

1960s-1990s

876

Scrophulariaceae

Buchnera hispida

Herb

   

Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don

1960s-1990s

877

Scrophulariaceae

Cycnium tubulosum

Herb

   

(L. fil.) Engl.

1960s-1990s

878

Scrophulariaceae

Cycnium tubulosum subsp. montanum

Herb

   

(N. E. Br.) O. J. Hansen

1960s-1990s

879

Scrophulariaceae

Striga asiatica

Herb

   

L.Kuntze

1960s-1990s

880

Scrophulariaceae

Striga gesnerioides

Herb

   

(Willd.) Vatke

1960s-1990s

881

Simaroubaceae

Brucea tenuifolia

Shrub

   

Engl

1960s-1990s

882

Simaroubaceae

Harrisonia abyssinica

Shrub

   

Oliv

1960s-1990s

883

Sapotaceae

Mimusops riparia

Tree

VU

Kenya and Tanzania

Engl.

1960s-1990s

884

Simaroubaceae

Odyendea zimmermannii

Shrub

   

Engl

1960s-1990s

885

Smilacaceae

Smilax anceps

Shrub

   

Willd.

2021

886

Solanaceae

Physalis peruviana

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

887

Solanaceae

Solanum incanum

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

888

Solanaceae

Solanum richardii

Herb

   

Dunal

1960s-1990s

889

Solanaceae

Withania somnifera

Herb

   

(L) Dunal

1960s-1990s

890

Sphenocleaceae

Sphenoclea zeylanica

Herb

   

Gaertn

1960s-1990s

891

Sterculiaceae

Dombeya acutangula subsp. acutangula

Tree

   

K. Schum. ex Engl.

1960s-1990s

892

Sterculiaceae

Dombeya burgessiae

Tree

   

Gerrard ex Harv. & Sond.

2021

893

Sterculiaceae

Dombeya rotundifolia

Tree

   

(Hochst.) Planch.

2021

894

Sterculiaceae

Dombeya shupangae

Tree

   

K. Schum.

1960s-1990s

895

Sterculiaceae

Leptonychia usambarensis

Tree

   

K. Schum.

2021

896

Sterculiaceae

Sterculia africana

Tree

   

(Lour) Fiori

1960s-1990s

897

Sterculiaceae

Sterculia appendiculata

Tree

   

K. Schum. ex Engl.

1960s-1990s

898

Sterculiaceae

Sterculia quinqueloba

Tree

   

(Garcke) K. Schum

1960s-1990s

899

Sterculiaceae

Waltheria indica

Tree

   

L.

1960s-1990s

900

Thelypteridaceae

Christella dentata

Herb

   

(Forssk.) Brownsey & Jermy

1960s-1990s

901

Thymelaceae

Dicranolepis usambarica

Shrub

   

Gilg

1960s-1990s

902

Thymelaceae

Peddiea fischeri

Shrub

   

Engl.

2021

903

Thymelaceae

Peddiea lanceolata

Shrub

   

Domke

1960s-1990s

904

Thymelaeaceae

Gnidia apiculata

Herb

   

(Oliv.) Gilg

2021

905

Thymelaeaceae

Synaptolepis kirkii

Shrub

   

Oliv.

2021

906

Tiliaceae

Corchorus aestuans

Shrub

   

L.

1960s-1990s

907

Tiliaceae

Corchorus fascicularis

Shrub

   

Lam.

1960s-1990s

908

Tiliaceae

Corchorus olitorius

Shrub

   

L.

1960s-1990s

909

Tiliaceae

Corchorus trilocularis

Shrub

   

L.

1960s-1990s

910

Tiliaceae

Grewia bicolor

Shrub

   

Juss

1960s-1990s

911

Tiliaceae

Grewia forbesii

Shrub

   

Harv. ex Mast.

1960s-1990s

912

Tiliaceae

Grewia lepidopetala

Shrub

   

Garcke

1960s-1990s

913

Tiliaceae

Grewia microcarpa

Shrub

   

K. Schum

1960s-1990s

914

Tiliaceae

Triumfetta annua

Shrub

   

L.

1960s-1990s

915

Tiliaceae

Triumfetta rhomboidea

Shrub

   

Jacq

1960s-1990s

916

Turneraceae

Tricliceras bivinianum

Herb

   

(Tul.) R. Fern.

1960s-1990s

917

Turneraceae

Tricliceras brevicaule

Herb

   

(Urb.) R. Fern.

1960s-1990s

918

Turneraceae

Tricliceras lobatum

Shrub

   

(Urb.) R. Fern.

1960s-1990s

919

Turneraceae

Tricliceras longipedunculta

Herb

   

Mast.

1960s-1990s

920

Turneraceae

Wormskioldia breuvicaulis

Shrub

   

Urb

1960s-1990s

921

Ulmaceae

Celtis gomphophylla

Tree

   

Baker

2021

922

Umbelliferae

Centella asiatica

Herb

   

(L.) Urb

1960s-1990s

923

Umbelliferae

Heteromorpha arborescens var. abyssinica

Herb

   

(Hochst. ex A. Rich.) H. Wolff

1960s-1990s

924

Urticaceae

Laportea interrupta

Herb

   

(L) Chew

1960s-1990s

925

Urticaceae

Laportea ovalifolia

Herb

   

(Schum. & Thonn.) Chew

1960s-1990s

926

Verbenaceae

Clerodendrum capitatum

Herb

   

(Willd.) Schumach.

1960s-1990s

927

Verbenaceae

Clerodendrum cephalanthum

Herb

   

Oliv (Mildbr) Verde

1960s-1990s

928

Verbenaceae

Clerodendrum pleiosciadium

Herb

   

Gurke

1960s-1990s

929

Verbenaceae

Clerodendrum ternatum

Herb

   

Schinz

1960s-1990s

930

Verbenaceae

Lantana camara

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

931

Verbenaceae

Lantana trifolia

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

932

Verbenaceae

Lantana ukambensis

Herb

   

(Vatke) Verde

1960s-1990s

933

Verbenaceae

Lippia javanica

Herb

   

(Burm.f ) Sprengel

1960s-1990s

934

Verbenaceae

Premna hildebrandtii

Herb

   

Gurke

1960s-1990s

935

Verbenaceae

Rotheca myricoides

Herb

   

(Hochst.) Steane & Mabb.

1960s-1990s

936

Verbenaceae

Vitex doniana

Herb

   

Sweet

1960s-1990s

937

Violaceae

Pigea enneasperma

Herb

   

(L.) P. I. Forst.

1960s-1990s

938

Violaceae

Rinorea angustifolia

Shrub

   

(Thouars) Baill.

1960s-1990s

939

Violaceae

Rinorea elliptica

Tree

   

(Oliv.) Kuntze

2021

940

Violaceae

Rinorea ferruginea

Tree

   

Engl

1960s-1990s

941

Violaceae

Rinorea ilicifolia

Tree

   

(Welw. ex Oliv.) Kuntze

1960s-1990s

942

Vitaceae

Cissus cornifolia

Shrub

   

(Baker) Planch.

1960s-1990s

943

Vitaceae

Cissus phymatocarpa

Herb

   

Masinde & L. E. Newton

1960s-1990s

944

Vitaceae

Cissus rotundifolia

Herb

   

(Forssk.) Vahl

1960s-1990s

945

Vitaceae

Cyphostemma adenocaule

Herb

   

(Steud. ex A. Rich.) Desc.

1960s-1990s

946

Vitaceae

Cyphostemma gigantophyllum

Herb

   

(Gilg & M. Brandt) Desc. ex Wild & R. B. Drumm.

1960s-1990s

947

Vitaceae

Cyphostemma hildebrandtii

Herb

   

(Gilg) Desc. ex Wild & R. B. Drumm.

1960s-1990s

948

Olacaceae

Ximenia caffra

Shrub

   

Sond.

2021

949

Zingiberaceae

Aframomum angustifolium

Herb

   

(Sonn.) K.Schum.

2021

950

Zingiberaceae

Siphonochilus kirkii

Herb

   

(Hook.f.) B.L.Burtt

1960s-1990s

951

Zygophyllaceae

Tribulus terrestris

Herb

   

L.

1960s-1990s

 

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