تزئینات پوشش دانۀ برخی‌از گونه‌های جنس L. Vicia و ارزش عملی آنها در طبقه‌بندی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه صنعتی اصفهان، ایران

2 استاد گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه صنعتی اصفهان، ایران

10.22108/tbj.2019.100703.1000

چکیده

چکیده
الگوهای ریزریخت‌شناسی و تزئینات پوشش دانه در برخی‌از جنس‌ها، ارزش بسیاری در مطالعات سیستماتیک دارد. این مطالعه با هدف معرفی کاربرد این داده‌ها در کمک به شناسایی گونه‌های جنس ماشک (Vicia L.) انجام شد. صفات ریزریخت‌شناسی 90 نمونه دانۀ مختلف از 20 گونه جنس ماشک برای پاسخ به برخی از سؤالات سیستماتیک این جنس مطالعه شد. ریخت‌شناسی سطح دانۀ گونه‌های این جنس با میکروسکوپ الکترونی نگاره (SEM) مقایسه شد. نتایج مشاهدات و تجزیه‌ها نشان داد ویژگی‌های تزئینات پوشش دانه در گونه‌های مختلف به‌صورت برجستگی‌ از نوع Papillose و الگوی SEM آنها در داخل و بین نمونه‌ها ازلحاظ شکل، ارتفاع و نحوۀ به‌هم‌پیوستن برجستگی‌ها متنوع بوده است و می‌تواند در بازنگری دسته‌بندی جنس ماشک استفاده شود. براساس ویژگی‌های تزئینات پوشش دانه، گونه‌ها به چهار گروه گونه‌های تپه‌ماهوری با آرایش زگیلی، کله‌قندی از نوک قلل منشأگرفته، کله‌قندی از پایین‌تر از نوک قلل منشأگرفته و زگیل‌دار تقسیم شدند. این تجزیه‌ها ممکن است شواهد خوبی را از ارتباط نزدیک گونه‌های مختلف، میان مجموعه‌ای از گونه‌های این جنس فراهم کند و راهنمای مجمل دسته‌بندی واریته‌ها و معرفی واریته‌های زراعی باشد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Seed Coat Ornamentation of some Species of Vicia L. Genus and their Practical Value in Classification

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Hossein Ehtemam 1
  • Seid Ali Mohammad Mirmohammady Maibody 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Abstract
Microcharacters of seed coat and its surface patterns are valuable in the systematic consideration in some genera. The aim of this study was to introduce the application of these data in assisting the identification of Vicia L. species.Micromorphological traits of 90 seeds from 20 species of the genera of the Vicia were studied in order to answer some systematic questions regarding this genus. The morphology of the surface of these species were examined using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The results of the observations and analyses indicated that the pattern of seed coat ornamentation was of Papillose type and their SEM pattern varied within and between accessions in terms of tip-shape of the papillae, size (height), and amount of conation of papillae side ride. These traits can be used in taxonomic revision of the Vicia genus. Based on these seed coat ornamentation traits, four categories namely Colliculate with Tuberculate, Aculate projections from projections peaks, Aculate and Tuberculate from below the peak were identified. These analyses can provide good evidence for the close relationship of related species from the different species in a genus. It presents a comprehensive guide regarding variety classification and cultivar introduction.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Keywords: Seed Coat
  • Micromorphology
  • plant systematic
  • Vicia
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