مطالعۀ فلوریستیک منطقۀ حفاظت‌شدۀ گوینیک در استان خراسان شمالی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه زیست شناسی، دانشکده علوم پایه، دانشگاه گنبدکاووس، گنبدکاووس، ایران

2 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد سیستماتیک و اکولوژی گیاهی، گروه زیست‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم پایه، دانشگاه گنبدکاووس، گنبد کاووس، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه منابع طبیعی، دانشکده علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه گنبد کاووس، گنبد کاووس، ایران

4 مربی گروه زیست شناسی، دانشکده علوم پایه، دانشگاه گنبدکاووس، گنبدکاووس، ایران

چکیده

منطقۀ حفاظت‎شدۀ گوینیک با مساحت 4764 هکتار در استان خراسان شمالی و در شهرستان رازوجرگلان قرار دارد. مطالعۀ حاضر با هدف شناسایی فلور گیاهی منطقۀ حفاظت‎شدۀ گوینیک و تعیین شکل‌های زیستی و پراکنش جغرافیایی گیاهان منطقه طی سال‌های 1393 تا 1394 انجام شد. درمجموع، 208 گونه متعلق به 163 جنس و 51 تیره شناسایی شدند که بیشترین تعداد گونه‎ها (170 گونه) به دولپه‎ای‌ها تعلق داشتند. Asteraceae با 26 گونه بزرگ‌ترین تیرۀ گیاهی منطقه ازنظر تعداد گونه بود و تیره‎های Fabaceae، Lamiaceae و Poaceae به‌ترتیب با 20، 19 و 16 گونه در رتبه‌های بعدی قرار داشتند. جنس Astragalus با 6 گونه بزرگ‌ترین جنس بود. فراوان‌ترین شکل زیستی در منطقه همی‎کریپتوفیت‎ها با 41 درصد و تروفیت‎ها با 23 درصد بودند و پس‌ا‌ز‌آن، کامفیت‎ها، ژئوفیت‎ها و فانروفیت‎ها به‌ترتیب در رده‎های بعدی قرار گرفتند. ازنظر پراکنش جغرافیایی، بیشتر گیاهان شناسایی‌شده در منطقه (67 درصد) به ناحیۀ ایرانی - تورانی تعلق داشتند. از بین گیاهان شناسایی‌شده در منطقه، 21 گونه در فهرست گیاهان در خطر (IUCN) قرار گرفتند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Floristic study of Goynik protected area in North Khorassan province

نویسندگان [English]

  • Jamileh Panahy Mirzahasanlou 1
  • Mohammad Abedi 2
  • Ali Sattarian 3
  • Meisam Habibi 4
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Biology, Faculty of Basic Science, Gonbad Kavous University, Gonbad Kavous, Iran
2 M.S. Graduate of Systematics and Plant Ecology, Department of Biology, Faculty of Basic Science, Gonbad Kavous University, Gonbad Kavous, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Natural Resources, Faculty of Agriculture & Natural Resources, Gonbad Kavous University, Gonbad Kavous, Iran
4 Lecturer, Department of Biology, Faculty of Basic Science, Gonbad Kavous University, Gonbad Kavous, Iran
چکیده [English]

Goynik protected region, with an area of 4764 ha is located in North Khorasan province in Razo-Jargalan. In order to identification of flora of Goynik protected area and determination of life forms and chorotypes of plant species, the present study was done between 2014 through 2015. In total, 208 species belong to 163 genera and 51 families were identified. Among them, 170 species were dicots. Asteraceae with 26 sp. was the largest family with high number of species; following with Fabaceae, Lamiaceae and Poaceae with 20, 19 and 16 species respectively. Astragalus with 6 species was the largest genus. Hemicryptophytes with 41% and therophytes with 23% are dominant life forms in the region followed by chamephytes, geophytes and phanerophytes. With regard to geographical distribution, most of the species identified (67%) are Irano-Turanian elements. Among the plant species of the region 21 species are in the red list of IUCN. IUCN.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Iran
  • Geographical distribution
  • Razo-Jargalan
  • Life Form
  • Flora

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