تجزیه‌ و تحلیل جمعیتی تعدادی از آرتمیاهای بکرزای ترکیه و ایران با استفاده از شاخص‌های بیومتریک

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه شیلات، دانشکدۀ منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری بیوسیستماتیک، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد زیست فناوری دریا، پژوهشکدۀ مطالعات دریاچۀ ارومیه، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

4 دانشجوی دکتری هیدروبیولوژی، دانشگاه حاجت تپه، آنکارا، ترکیه

5 استادیار گروه زیست‌شناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

6 استادیار گروه زیست‌شناسی، دانشگاه حاجت تپه، آنکارا، ترکیه

چکیده

چکیده
آرتمیا سخت‌پوست کوچکی است که نه‌تنها اهمیت زیادی درصنعت آبزی‌‌پروری دارد، مدل پژوهشی مناسبی برای زیست‌شناسان است. به‌علت پراکندگی بسیار زیاد، سطوح پلوئیدی و تنوع‌های ریخت‌سنجی و فیزیولوژیک یافت‌شده بین جمعیت‌های بکرزای آرتمیا، تاکنون ارتباط فیلوژنتیک این جمعیت‌ها به‌طور دقیق کشف نشده است. اهمیت زیاد صفت‌های ریخت‌سنجی در تاکسونومی آرتمیا سبب شد صفت‌های ریخت‌سنجی یازده جمعیت مختلف آرتمیا شامل هفت جمعیت بکرزا از ترکیه و چهار جمعیت از ایران بررسی شوند. بیشتر جمعیت‌های ترکیه برای نخستین‌بار در دنیا طی مطالعۀ حاضر بررسی شدند؛ به این منظور، آرتمیاهای بالغ پرورش‌یافته در شرایط بهینۀ آزمایشگاهی ازنظر 11 صفت و با تجزیه‌وتحلیل‌های آماری مقایسه شدند. نتایج پژوهش حاضر نشان دادند صفت‌های چشم مرکب، طول ناحیۀ شکمی، عرض سر، طول تلسون و تعداد خارهای چپ و راست نقش مهم‌تری در جدایی جمعیتی دارند و برخی از این صفت‌ها در رده‌بندی جمعیت‌های آرتمیا ارزش بیشتری دارند. آزمون آماری تحلیل ممیزی (Discriminant Analysis) نشان داد با استفاده از صفت‌های ریخت‌سنجی، سه گروه برای آرتمیاهای بکرزای مطالعه‌شده در نظر گرفته می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Population Analysis of some of Turkish and Iranian Parthenogenetic Artemia using Biometric Components

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ramin Manaffar 1
  • Razieh Abdilzadeh 2
  • Tahereh Akbarialmajough 3
  • Armin Eskandari 4
  • Soheila Ebrahimi 5
  • Yasemin Saygi 6
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Natural Resources, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
2 Ph. D. Student of Bio Systematic, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
3 M. S. Student of Marine Biotechnology, Urmia Lake Research Institute, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
4 Ph. D. Student of Hydrobiology, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
5 Assistant Professor, Department of Biology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
6 Assistant Professor, Department of Biology, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
چکیده [English]

Abstract
Artemia, small crustacean, not only is very useful in aquaculture industry but also is a model organism for biologists. The parthenogenetic population of Artemia has not been classified so far mainly because of high dispersal, different ploidy levels and diverse physiological and morphometric characteristics. Due to the importance of the morphometric traits in taxonomy of Artemia, in this study morphometric characters of 11 Artemia populations, comprising 7 parthenogenetic Artemia populations from Turkey and 4 populations from Iran were studied. Most of Turkey populations were studied for the first time in the world. In this regard, eleven morphometric parameters of laboratory cultured Artemia were compared. The results showed that the characteristics such as the compound eyes, abdominal length, head width, Telson length and the number of left and right thorns could play an important role in the separation of populations. This study revealed that some morphometric characters of Artemia Can be of high significance for morphometric studies of Artemia. Based on DA (Discriminant Analysis), using some morphometric traits of Artemia, the studied parthenogenetic Artemia can be classified into three groups.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Artemia Taxonomy
  • Parthenogenetic Artemia
  • Artemia from Iran
  • Artemia from Turkey
  • Morphometry
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