نامی جدید در جنس Echinops از تیرۀ مرکبان (Asteraceae) متعلق به ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار گروه باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان، ملاثانی، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

چکیده
جنس Echinops ازجمله تاکسون‌های بزرگ تیرۀ Asteraceae در ایران است که تقریباً در تمام نقاط کشور پراکنش دارد. بیشتر گونه‌های این جنس انحصاری ایران‌اند و صرفاً در محدوده‌ای کوچک حضور دارند. این جنس با داشتن کلاپرک‌های تک‌گلی آرایش‌یافته در گل‌آذین‌های ثانویه که ظاهری کروی دارند به‌خوبی از سایر جنس‌های تیرۀ مرکبان (Asteraceae) تشخیص داده می‌شود؛ باوجود مطالعه‌های تاکسونومیکی و تبارشناختی انجام‌شده، جنس Echinops کمتر ازنظر نام‌گذاری مطالعه شده است. پژوهش حاضر حاصل مطالعۀ دقیق گونه‌های این جنس ازنظر انطباق کامل با قوانین مربوط به کد بین‌المللی نام‌گذاری است. طی این مطالعه مشخص شد (1875) Echinops kurdicus Boiss. & Hausskn. تاکسونی نامعتبر است؛ زیرا هم‌نام مؤخری نسبت به Echinops kurdicus Bunge (1863) است. بنابراین Echinops rahiminejadii Negaresh به‌عنوان نام جایگزین برای Echinops kurdicus Boiss. & Hausskn. پیشنهاد و تصویر هولوتیپ این گونه ارائه شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

A New Name in Echinops (Asteraceae) from Flora of Iran

نویسنده [English]

  • Kazem Negaresh
Assistant Professor Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Mollasani, Ahvaz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Abstract
Echinops is one of the largest genera of the family Asteraceae in Iran which approximately distributed in all parts of country. Most species of genus are endemic to Iran and occurs exclusively in a very small area. Members of the genus are characterized by single-flowered capitula arranged into secondary inflorescences appearing as globose heads, which are easily distinguished from other genera of the family Asteraceae. In spite of taxonomic and phylogenetic studies, there are a few nomenclature studies regarding the genus Echinops. This research is the result of exact checking of species Echinops with International Code of Nomenclature. It was established that Echinops kurdicus Boiss. and Hausskn. (1875) is an illegitimate name as a later homonym of Echinops kurdicus Bunge (1863). So the name Echinops rahiminejadii Negaresh nom nov. is proposed here as a replacement name for Echinops kurdicus Boiss. and Hausskn. In addition, an image of the holotype is provided.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Asteraceae
  • Echinops
  • Nomenclature
  • Replacement Name
  • Later Homonym
منابع

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