بررسی فلوریستیکی منطقۀ پُدُل، لِمَزان و کوه بِدو در شهرستان ‌بندرلنگه، استان ‌هرمزگان، ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد زیست‌شناسی، دانشکدۀ علوم پایه، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه زیست‌شناسی، دانشکدۀ علوم پایه، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری مرکز پژوهش‌های کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، بندرعباس، هرمزگان، ایران

چکیده

بررسی فلوریستیکی منطقۀ پُدُل، لِمَزان و کوه بِدو (90 کیلومتری شرق بندرلنگه، استان هرمزگان) با مساحت حدود 45000 هکتار، ارتفاع 1150 متر از سطح دریا در بلندترین نقطه و متوسط بارندگی سالانه 7/133 میلی‌متر هدف اصلی پژوهش حاضر است. نمونه‌های گیاهی، جمع‌آوری و با روش‌های تاکسونومیک شناسایی شدند. همچنین، فهرست گونه‌های گیاهی، شکل ‌رویشی، پراکنش ‌جغرافیایی و ارزش ‌دارویی آنها ارائه شد. در مجموع، 156 گونه متعلق به 130 سرده و 43 تیره در منطقه شناسایی شدند. Asteraceae، Fabaceae، Lamiaceae، Chenopodiaceae، Brassicaceae و Poaceae به‌ترتیب با 23، 16، 10، 9، 8 و 8 گونه بزرگ‌ترین تیره‌ها و Salvia، Heliotropium، Plantago، Astragalus و Capparis به‌ترتیب با 5، 4، 4، 4 و 3 گونه بزرگ‌ترین سرده‌ها در فلور منطقه هستند. طیف‌زیستی گیاهان منطقه شامل 1/39 درصد تروفیت، 36/24 درصد کامفیت، 44/22 درصد همی‌کریپتوفیت، 18/12 درصد فانروفیت و 92/1 درصد کریپتوفیت است که شرایط اقلیمی سخت منطقه را نشان می‌دهد. همچنین 89/35 درصد گونه‌ها منشأ ایرانی - تورانی و صحرا - سندی و 77/30 درصد منشأ صحرا - سندی دارند. تعداد 12 گونه (7/7 درصد) بوم‌زاد و 64 گونه (41 درصد) دارویی از این منطقه گزارش می‌شود که اهمیت فلور و پوشش گیاهی منطقه را نشان می‌دهند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Floristic investigation in Podol, Lemazan and Bedoo mountain in Bandar Lengeh city, Hormozgan province, Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Eskandari Khanekahdani 1
  • Mahdi Yousofi 2
  • Mahmoud Zaeifi 3
1 M.Sc Student, Department of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor of scientific board, Department of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran
3 Ph. D of scientific board, Agricultural Research and Natural Resources Center, Bandar Abbas, Hormozgan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Abstract
Floristic survey of Podol, Lemazan, Bedoo mountain (located in 90 km eastern of Bandar Lengheh, Hormozgan province), with about 45000 hectars area and maximum elevation of 1150 meters above the sea level, and 133.7 milimeter annual precipitation, was the main goal of the present work. The collected specimens were identified using taxonomic methods. List of plant species, life forms, chorotypes and their medicinal values were presented. The results showed that 156 plant species belonging to 130 genera and 43 families of vascular plants grow in the area. Asteraceae, Fabaceae, Lamiaceae, Chenopodiaceae and Brassicaceae with 23, 16, 10, 9 and 8 species are the largest families, and Salvia, Astragalus, Heliotropium and Plantago with 5, 4, 4, 4 and 3 species are the largest genera in the region, respectively. The life forms frequency were 39.1% Therophytes, 24.36% Chamaephytes, 22.44% Hemicryptophytes, 12.18% Phanerophytes and 1.92% Cryptophytes, indicating the sever climate conditions in the region. Also, 35.89% of species are Saharo-Syndian and Irano-Turanian, 30.77% are Saharo-Syndian. Furthermore, 12 endemic species and 64 medicinal species are inhabitate in this region, indicating the importance of flora and vegetation of the studies area.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Chorotype
  • Flora
  • Hormozgan
  • Lemazan
  • Life Form. Podol

منابع

Archibold, O. W. (1995) Ecology of world vegetation. Chapman and Hall, London.

Arya, K., Assadpoor, R., Soltanipoor, M. T. and Majroohi, A. A. (2011) Floristic study of Bashagerd (Hormozgan province). Research Journal of Plant and Biom 7 (27): 17-36 (in Persian).

Assadi, M. (Ed.) (1988-2013) Flora of Iran. vols. 1-77. Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands Publication, Tehran (in Persian).

Assadpour, R., Najafi Tireh Shabankareh, K. and Fayyaz, M. (2011) Identification of ecological zones of Iran; plant types of Bandar Lengeh. Research Institute of Forests and Rangelans, Tehran (in Persian).

Attar, F., Hamzeh'ee B. and Gahraman, A. (2004) A contribution to the flora of Qeshm island. Iranian Jornal of Botany 10(2): 199-218.

Bakhtyari, M. (2005) Hormozgan province. Gitashenasi Publication, Tehran (in Persian).

Dolatkhahi, M., Asri, Y. and Dolatkhahi, A. (2011) Floristic study of Arjan-Parishan protected area in Fars province. Taxonomy and Biosystematics 3(9): 31-46 (in Persian).

Ghahreman, A. and Attar, F. (1999) Plant species biodiversity of Iran. Tehran University Press, Tehran, Iran (in Persian).

Ghofran, F., Yousefi, M., Haerinasab, M. and Salimi, S. (2016) A part of flora of Ramin and Beris in Chabahar, Sistan and Baluchestan province. Taxonomy and Biosystematics 8(29): 1-12 (in Persian).

Google Maps (2017) search Google maps. Retrived from https://www.google.com/maps/@26.8469209,54.7046197,9.93z?hl=en. On: 23 February 2017.

IPNI, The International Plant Names Index (2017) Retrieved from http://www.ipni.org. On: 23 february 2017.

IRIMO (2017) Islamic Republic of Iran Meteorological Organization, Climatological data of synoptic station of Chabahar. Retrieved from http://irimo.ir/far/wd/2703#report_builder_form. On: 21 Mars 2017.

Jalili, A. and Jamzad, Z. (1999) Red data book of Iran (A preliminary survey of endemic rare and endangered plant species in Iran). Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands Publication, Tehran.

Kunkel, G. (1977) The vegetation of Hormoz, Qeshm and neighbouring Islands (southern Persian Gulf area). Strauss and Cramer GmbH, 6945 Hirschberg II, Germany.

Leonard, J. (2003) A Contribution to the flora and vegetation of the deserts of Iran, vol. 9. Translated by Ghorbanly, M. Research Institue of Forests and Rangelands, Tehran (in Persian).

Mehrabian, A. R., Naghinezhad, A. R., Mostafavi, H., Kiabi, B. and Abdoli, A. (2008) Contribution to the Flora and Habitats of Mond (Bushehr province). Journal of Environment Studies 34(46): 1-18 (in Persian).

Mozaffarian V. (1991) A short survey of Hormozgan province vegetation (Iran). Mitteilungen der Botanischen Staatssammlung München 30: 417-429.

Nadjafi Tireh Shabankareh, K., Jalili, A., Khorasani, N., Jamzad, Z. and Asri, Y. (2006) Flora, life form and chorotypes of plants in the Genu protected area, Hormozgan province (Iran). Pajouhesh and Sazandegi 18(4): 50-62 (in Persian).

Nadjafi Tireh Shabankareh, K., Jalili, A., Khorasani, N., Jamzad, Z. and Asri, Y. (2007) Plant associations of Geno protected area. Pajouhesh and Sazandegi 75: 17-27 (in Persian).

Nadjafi Tireh Shabankareh, K., Khosroshahi, M. and Gholampoor, M. (2008) Determination of the geographical domain of Hormozgan province desert area in vegetation view. Iranian Journal of Range and Desert Reseach 15 (1): 95-113 (in Persian).

Naghipour Borj, A. A., Nowroozi, M. and Bashari, H. (2014) Investigation of the flora, life forms and chorotypes of the plants in the Meymand protected area, Kohkilouyeh va Boyer Ahmad province, Iran. Taxonomy and Biosystematics 6(19): 67-82 (in Persian).

Nasir, E. and Ali, S. L. (1968-2002) Flora of Pakistan, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, England.

Payandeh, M., Bordbar, F. and Mirtadzadini, S. M. (2016) Floristic strudy of Hanza-kuh of Bahr-Aseman protected area (SE Iran). Taxonomy and Biosystematics 8(28): 79-100.

Raunkiaer, C. (1934) The life forms of plants and statistical plant geography. Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Rechinger, K. H. (Ed.) (1963-2012) Flora Iranica, vols. 1-179. Academische Druck-U.Verlagsanstalt, Graz.

Sabaghi, S., Mozaffarian. V. and Nejad-Sattari, T. (2014) Studies of the flora in Darmian area in the Southern Khorasan province. Taxonomy and Biosystematics 6(19): 95-108 (in Persian).

Saber-Amoli, S., Ghorbanli, M., Assadi, M. and Asri, Y. (2016) Investigation of the flora, life forms and phytochorology of the plants in the Mehroieh wild life refuge of Kahnuj, Kerman, Iran. Taxonomy and Biosystematics 8(26): 1-16 (in Persian).

Saberi, A., Hasan Abadi, Z., Mirtadzadini, S. M. and Nazeri, V. (2013) A study of the flora of Riseh and Paqale area Shahrebabak of Kerman, Iran. Taxonomy and Biosystematics 5(14): 67-87 (in Persian).

Safa, O., Soltanipour, M. A., Rastegar, S., Kazemi, M., Nourbakhsh Dehkordi, K. and Ghannadi, A. (2013) An ethnobotanical survey on Hormozgan province, Iran. Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine 3(1): 64-81.

Salimi, S. (2014) Introduction of the flora, life forms and chorology of plants of some regions in western Chabahar (Sistan and Baluchestan province). Taxonomy and Biosystematics 6(20): 103-110 (in Persian).

Soltanipour M. A. (2005) Medicinal plants of the Geno protected area. Pajouhesh and Sazandegi 68: 27-37 (in Persian).

Soltanipour M. A. (2006) Introduction to the Flora, life form and chorology for Hormoz island plants, S. Iran. Rostaniha 7: 19-32 (in Persian).

Soltanipour, M. A. and Babakhanlou, P. (2005) Introduction and ecological investigation of aromatic plants of Hormozgan province. Bimonthly Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research of Iran 22(1): 47-59 (in Persian).

Taghipour, S., Hassanzadeh, M. and Hosseini Sarghein, S. (2011) Introdution of the flora, life form and chorology of the Alla region and Rudzard in Khozestan province. Taxonomy and Biosystematics 3(9): 15-30 (in Persian).

Takhtajan, A. (1986) Florestic regions of the world. University of California Press. Ltd, California.

Turner, M. (1994) The taxonomy and ecology of the vascular plant flora of Singapore: a statistical analysis. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 114(3): 215-227.

White, F. and Leonard, J. (1999) Phytogeographical links between Africa and southwest of Asia. Flora et vegetation Mundi 9: 229- 246.

Zaeifi M. (2001) The flora of Hormozgan province. Research Center of Agriculture and Natural Resources Publications, Bandar Abbas.

Zare M. and Khosravi, A. (2015) A floristic study of Kuh-e Khom in Tang Shekan region of Arsanjan country in Fars province. Taxonomy and Biosystematics 7(24): 51-74 (in Persian).

Zohary, M. and Feinbrun-Dothan, N. (1966-1986) Flora Palaestina. vols. 1-4. The Jerusalem Academic Press, Israel.

Zohary, M. (1973) Geobatanical foundations of the Middle East. 2 vols. Stuttgart, Israel.